The potential application of highly biocompatible o/w microemulsions as topical drug carrier systems for the percutaneous delivery of anti-inflammatory drugs, i.e. ketoprofen, was investigated. Microemulsions were made up of triglycerides as oil phase, a mixture of lecithin and n-butanol as a surfactant/co-surfactant system and an aqueous solution as the external phase. To evaluate the percutaneous enhancing effect of oleic acid, this compound was used as a component of some o/w microemulsions. The topical carrier potentialities of lecithin-based o/w microemulsions were compared with respect to conventional formulations, i.e. a w/o emulsion, a o/w emulsion and a gel. Physicochemical characterisation of microemulsions was carried out by light scattering and zeta potential analyses. Microemulsions showed mean droplet size < 35 nm and a negative zeta potential, that is - 39.5 mV for the oleic acid-lecithin microemulsion and - 19.7 mV for the lecithin-based microemulsion. The percutaneous adsorption of the various topical formulations was evaluated through healthy adult human skin, which was obtained from abdominal reduction surgery. Ketoprofen-loaded microemulsions showed an enhanced permeation through human skin with respect to conventional formulations. No significant percutaneous enhancer effect was observed for ketoprofen-loaded oleic acid-lecithin microemulsions. The human skin tolerability of various microemulsion formulations was evaluated on human volunteers. Microemulsions showed a good human skin tolerability. (c) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Lecithin microemulsions for the topical administration of ketoprofen: percutaneous adsorption through human skin and in vivo human skin tolerability

NISTICO' S;Paolino D;FRESTA M
2002-01-01

Abstract

The potential application of highly biocompatible o/w microemulsions as topical drug carrier systems for the percutaneous delivery of anti-inflammatory drugs, i.e. ketoprofen, was investigated. Microemulsions were made up of triglycerides as oil phase, a mixture of lecithin and n-butanol as a surfactant/co-surfactant system and an aqueous solution as the external phase. To evaluate the percutaneous enhancing effect of oleic acid, this compound was used as a component of some o/w microemulsions. The topical carrier potentialities of lecithin-based o/w microemulsions were compared with respect to conventional formulations, i.e. a w/o emulsion, a o/w emulsion and a gel. Physicochemical characterisation of microemulsions was carried out by light scattering and zeta potential analyses. Microemulsions showed mean droplet size < 35 nm and a negative zeta potential, that is - 39.5 mV for the oleic acid-lecithin microemulsion and - 19.7 mV for the lecithin-based microemulsion. The percutaneous adsorption of the various topical formulations was evaluated through healthy adult human skin, which was obtained from abdominal reduction surgery. Ketoprofen-loaded microemulsions showed an enhanced permeation through human skin with respect to conventional formulations. No significant percutaneous enhancer effect was observed for ketoprofen-loaded oleic acid-lecithin microemulsions. The human skin tolerability of various microemulsion formulations was evaluated on human volunteers. Microemulsions showed a good human skin tolerability. (c) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/10508
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