Abstract PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized study to evaluate the effect of tamsulosin in improving symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in patients with indwelling double-pigtail ureteral stents, using both generic and specific questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 75 patients (29 men, 46 women; mean age, 42.3 years), who underwent ureteral stent positioning and were assigned to one of two study groups. In group A (n = 38), patients were discharged with a prescription for tamsulosin, 0.4 mg once daily. In group B (n = 37), patients received no alpha(1)-blocker (control group). RESULTS: One week after stent placement (visit week 1 [W1]), analysis of the ureteral stent symptoms questionnaire showed a significant worsening of urinary symptoms (13.1 v 26.4, P = 0.008) and pain (4.1 v 21.6, P = 0.002) in patients not receiving tamsulosin. There was also a significant difference in the mean visual analog score (VAS) of health scale between the two groups (P < 0.001) compared with the result obtained at the W4 evaluation (visit). The proportion of patients reporting level 2 or 3 for the pain/discomfort domain in the QoL questionnaire from W4 to W1 varied between the two groups in a highly statistically significant manner (P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that administration of tamsulosin has a positive effect on stent-related urinary symptoms and QoL. Further clinical research in this area is warranted to better define the role of alpha(1)-blockers in current clinical practice.

Effect of Tamsulosin in Preventing Ureteral Stent-Related Morbidity: A Prospective Study

DAMIANO R;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Abstract PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized study to evaluate the effect of tamsulosin in improving symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in patients with indwelling double-pigtail ureteral stents, using both generic and specific questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 75 patients (29 men, 46 women; mean age, 42.3 years), who underwent ureteral stent positioning and were assigned to one of two study groups. In group A (n = 38), patients were discharged with a prescription for tamsulosin, 0.4 mg once daily. In group B (n = 37), patients received no alpha(1)-blocker (control group). RESULTS: One week after stent placement (visit week 1 [W1]), analysis of the ureteral stent symptoms questionnaire showed a significant worsening of urinary symptoms (13.1 v 26.4, P = 0.008) and pain (4.1 v 21.6, P = 0.002) in patients not receiving tamsulosin. There was also a significant difference in the mean visual analog score (VAS) of health scale between the two groups (P < 0.001) compared with the result obtained at the W4 evaluation (visit). The proportion of patients reporting level 2 or 3 for the pain/discomfort domain in the QoL questionnaire from W4 to W1 varied between the two groups in a highly statistically significant manner (P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that administration of tamsulosin has a positive effect on stent-related urinary symptoms and QoL. Further clinical research in this area is warranted to better define the role of alpha(1)-blockers in current clinical practice.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/10834
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 24
  • Scopus 90
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact