1. Flunarizine (2.65-mu-mol/kg, i.p.) and nimodipine (5.25-mu-mol/kg, i.p.) potentiated the anticonvulsant properties of phenytoin, phenobarbital and valproate against audiogenic seizures in DBA/2 mice. 2. Diltiazem (5.25-mu-mol/kg, i.p.) was able to potentiate the antiseizure activity of phenytoin but was not effective against the anticonvulsant action of phenobarbital and valproate. 3. Verapamil (5.25-mu-mol/kg, i.p.) was unable to potentiate the anticonvulsant properties of all antiepileptic drugs studied. 4. Bay K 8644 (1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-3-nitro-4-(2-trifluorophenyl)-pyridine-5-carbo xylic acid), a calcium agonist at a dose of 2.65-mu-mol/kg, i.p., induced a reduction of anticonvulsant potency of phenytoin, phenobarbital and valproate. 5. None of the calcium antagonists used significantly increased the plasma levels of antiepileptic compounds or significantly affected the body temperature changes induced by anticonvulsant drugs. 6. It may be concluded that some calcium antagonists enhance the anticonvulsant properties of some antiepileptic drugs against audiogenic seizures. A pharmacokinetic interaction does not seem responsible for these effects.
|Titolo:||EFFECTS OF SOME CALCIUM-ANTAGONISTS UPON THE ACTIVITY OF COMMON ANTIEPILEPTIC COMPOUNDS ON SOUND-INDUCED SEIZURES IN DBA/2 MICE|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|