Background: Cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected patients is related, at least in part to serum lipid alterations before and after HAART. Lipoprotein-particle subclasses may also have an effect, but comparative data after standard HAART regimens are limited. Methods: This was a substudy of a trial in 91 antiretroviral-naive patients randomized to tenofovir + emtricitabine + atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) or efavirenz (EFV). Over-time trends from baseline to week 48 in total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), HDL particles (HDLp), and TC:HDL-C and TG:HDL-C ratios were analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Furthermore, confidence intervals for differences between the 2 groups at week 48 were calculated. Indications for lipid-lowering interventions and low HDL-C were also studied. Results: ANCOVA showed that, with respect to patients receiving ATV/r, those prescribed efavirenz (EFV) had greater increases reported as mean differences in lipid values at week 48: 14 mg/dL (95% CI, 0.2 to 27) for TC, 14 mg/dL (95% CI, 4 to 25) for LDL-C, 5 mg/dL (95% CI, 2 to 9) for HDL-C, and 2.2 mg/dL (95% CI, 0.4 to 4) for large HDLp. Proportions of subjects with indications for lipid-lowering interventions and with HDL-C <40 mg/dL did not differ significantly. Conclusions: Patients prescribed EFV had greater increases in TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C. Although no significant differences were detected between the 2 groups for the TC:HDL ratio and for indications to start lipid-lowering interventions, large HDLp increased more in the EFV group compared to the ATV/r group, suggesting a protective effect associated with EFV use.

Increase in Standard Cholesterol and Large HDL Particle Subclasses in Antiretroviral-Naive Patients Prescribed Efavirenz Compared to Atazanavir/Ritonavir

Torti C
2012-01-01

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected patients is related, at least in part to serum lipid alterations before and after HAART. Lipoprotein-particle subclasses may also have an effect, but comparative data after standard HAART regimens are limited. Methods: This was a substudy of a trial in 91 antiretroviral-naive patients randomized to tenofovir + emtricitabine + atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) or efavirenz (EFV). Over-time trends from baseline to week 48 in total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), HDL particles (HDLp), and TC:HDL-C and TG:HDL-C ratios were analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Furthermore, confidence intervals for differences between the 2 groups at week 48 were calculated. Indications for lipid-lowering interventions and low HDL-C were also studied. Results: ANCOVA showed that, with respect to patients receiving ATV/r, those prescribed efavirenz (EFV) had greater increases reported as mean differences in lipid values at week 48: 14 mg/dL (95% CI, 0.2 to 27) for TC, 14 mg/dL (95% CI, 4 to 25) for LDL-C, 5 mg/dL (95% CI, 2 to 9) for HDL-C, and 2.2 mg/dL (95% CI, 0.4 to 4) for large HDLp. Proportions of subjects with indications for lipid-lowering interventions and with HDL-C <40 mg/dL did not differ significantly. Conclusions: Patients prescribed EFV had greater increases in TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C. Although no significant differences were detected between the 2 groups for the TC:HDL ratio and for indications to start lipid-lowering interventions, large HDLp increased more in the EFV group compared to the ATV/r group, suggesting a protective effect associated with EFV use.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/13723
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