Purpose: To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of emergency percutaneous treatment of traumatic injuries of upper-extremity arteries. Materials and Methods: Between January 2000 and December 2007, 11 patients (mean age, 49.9 years) with traumatic injuries of upper-extremity arteries were observed: three had pseudoaneurysms, four had dissections, three had transections, and one had mural hematoma. Lesions involved the axillary (n6), subclavian (n3), or brachial artery (n2). Pseudoaneurysms and transections were treated with stent grafts, (n6) and dissections and mural hematomas were treated with bare stents (n 2) or angioplasty (n3). Follow-up (mean, 45.1 months; range, 12–84 months) was performed with color Doppler ultrasonography at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months and then, yearly. Results: Immediate technical success was obtained in all cases. No major complications occurred; there was one asymptomatic occlusion of the interosseous artery and one case of incomplete thrombosis of the radial artery (with recanalization after 1 month with systemic medical therapy). During a mean follow-up of 45.1 months, one stent-graft occlusion occurred, which was treated with intraarterial pharmacologic thrombolysis (urokinase 60,000 IU/h for 12 hours). Overall primary clinical success rate was 95.2% and secondary clinical success rate was 100%. Conclusions: Percutaneous treatment is a feasible and safe tool for injuries of upper-extremity arteries because it can provide a fast and definitive termination of bleeding or a resolution of acute ischemia. This approach, with its low invasiveness, can be proposed as first-line treatment in patients with traumatic lesions of upper-extremity arteries.
|Titolo:||Percutaneous Treatment of Traumatic Upper-extremity Arterial Injuries: A Single-center Experience|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|