In order to evaluate the antihypertensive effects of manidipine, at the dosage of 10 or 20 mg once daily, we studied 36 patients (12 males and 24 females, mean age 54.3 years) with mild hypertension. After a wash-out period of 2 weeks and another 2 week run-in period with placebo, all the patients were assigned to a treatment with manidipine 10 mg/ day. After 2 weeks of treatment, the non-normalized (diastolic BP > 90 mmHg) and the non-responders (BP fall < 10 mmHg) received an increase in dosage to 20 mg/day. The drug effects were assessed by casual blood pressure (BP) measurement at baseline and after 4, 8, 12, 24, 36 and 52 weeks. At baseline and after 1 year of treatment a 24-h BP monitoring and a Doppler echocardiogram were performed. Routine laboratory tests were performed at baseline, after 6 months and after 1 year of treatment. At the end of the observation period, both casual systolic (p < 0.01) and diastolic (p < 0.001) BP were significantly reduced; 24-h BP monitoring showed a significant decrease in systolic (p < 0.05) and diastolic (p < 0.01) pressure, systolic and diastolic (p < 0.001) daytime and night-time measurements. The peak to through ratio was 67%. No difference was found in heart rate. Reduced interventricular septum thickness (p < 0.05), increased fractional shortening (p < 0.02), reduced end-systolic stress (p < 0.005) and systemic vascular resistances (p < 0.001), and lower values of atrial filling fraction (AFF) (p < 0.001) after 1 year of treatment have been shown at the Doppler-Echo evaluation. A multilinear regression analysis showed a relation between delta %AFF and delta %24-h systolic BP (R = 0.74; F = 7.5: p < 0.05) and with delta % daytime systolic BP (R = 0.77; F = 9.2; p < 0.02). No abnormal changes were observed in laboratory tests. Three non-responder patients and three patients with adverse effects (1 flushing and 2 ankle oedema) dropped out and were excluded from the final analysis. In conclusion, manidipine at an individualized dose of 10 or 20 mg. was effective and safe in the management of arterial hypertension. Hemodynamic evaluations after 1 year of treatment confirmed an improvement of systolic and diastolic function, with an evident reduction of afterload.
|Titolo:||Anti-hypertensive effect of manidipine: 24 hours monitoring evaluation and Doppler-echocardiographic remarks.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|