Objective:To identify a biomarker for predicting the appearance of vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSGP) in patients affected by progressive supranuclear palsy-parkinsonism (PSP-P).Methods:Twenty-four patients with PSP-P were enrolled in the current study. Patients were clinically followed up every 6 months until the appearance of VSGP or the end of the follow-up (4 years). Participants underwent MRI at baseline and at the end of follow-up. Magnetic resonance parkinsonism index (MRPI), an imaging measure useful for diagnosing PSP, was calculated.Results:Twenty-one patients with PSP-P completed follow-up, and 3 patients dropped out. Eleven of 21 patients with PSP-P developed VSGP after a mean follow-up period of 28.5 months (range 6-48 months), while the remaining 10 patients with PSP-P did not develop VSGP during the 4-year follow-up period. At baseline, patients with PSP-P who later developed VSGP had MRPI values significantly higher than those of patients not developing VSGP without overlapping values between the 2 groups. MRPI showed a higher accuracy (100%) in predicting VSGP than vertical ocular slowness (accuracy 33.3%) or postural instability with or without vertical ocular slowness (accuracy 71.4% and 42.9%, respectively).Conclusions:Our study demonstrates that MRPI accurately predicted, on an individual basis, the appearance of VSGP in patients with PSP-P, thus confirming clinical diagnosis in vivo.
|Titolo:||MR parkinsonism index predicts vertical supranuclear gaze palsy in patients with PSP-parkinsonism|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|