Purpose: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of diclofenac and bromfenac ophthalmic solutions as adjunctive therapy after cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: This prospective randomized controlled study included 130 patients who underwent cataract surgery. One hundred patients were randomized to receive postoperatively diclofenac 0.1% (four times daily for 28 days, Group 1) or bromfenac 0.09% (twice daily for 14 days, Group 2) ophthalmic solutions in addition to steroid-antibiotic combination. Thirty patients instilled only steroid-antibiotic combination (Control Group 3). Laser flare-cell photometry and optical coherence tomography scans with central foveal thickness (CFT) measurement were performed before (V0) and 7 (V1), 14 (V2) and 28 days (V3) after surgery. Treatment tolerability was scored using the Ocular Comfort Grading Assessment. Results: Laser flare-cell photometry values were significantly higher at V1, V2 and V3 compared to V0 in all the groups (respectively 13.3 +/- 1.0, 12.7 +/- 0.9 and 9.6 +/- 0.9 vs 8.4 +/- 0.6 ph/ms for Group 1; 13.4 +/- 1.0, 12.7 +/- 0.9 and 12.7 +/- 1.0 vs 8.1 +/- 0.6 for Group 2; 15.9 +/- 0.8, 15.4 +/- 0.7 and 14.5 +/- 0.7 vs 7.5 +/- 0.5 for Group 3) (p < 0.001); flare increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.001). CFT values were higher after surgery in all the three groups; the increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.0002). The percentage of symptoms-free patients after study treatment was significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (respectively 74% vs 14% of the total; p < 0.001). Conclusion: The addition of diclofenac or bromfenac ophthalmic solutions contributed to further reduce both inflammation and cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery compared to steroid-antibiotic combination alone. Diclofenac appeared to be more effective in reducing postoperative intraocular inflammation with a more intense and prolonged regimen, while bromfenac more tolerated with lower daily dose and treatment duration.

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of diclofenac and bromfenac ophthalmic solutions as adjunctive therapy after cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled study included 130 patients who underwent cataract surgery. One hundred patients were randomized to receive postoperatively diclofenac 0.1% (four times daily for 28 days, Group 1) or bromfenac 0.09% (twice daily for 14 days, Group 2) ophthalmic solutions in addition to steroid-antibiotic combination. Thirty patients instilled only steroid-antibiotic combination (Control Group 3). Laser flare-cell photometry and optical coherence tomography scans with central foveal thickness (CFT) measurement were performed before (V0) and 7 (V1), 14 (V2) and 28 days (V3) after surgery. Treatment tolerability was scored using the Ocular Comfort Grading Assessment. RESULTS: Laser flare-cell photometry values were significantly higher at V1, V2 and V3 compared to V0 in all the groups (respectively 13.3 ± 1.0, 12.7 ± 0.9 and 9.6 ± 0.9 vs 8.4 ± 0.6 ph/ms for Group 1; 13.4 ± 1.0, 12.7 ± 0.9 and 12.7 ± 1.0 vs 8.1 ± 0.6 for Group 2; 15.9 ± 0.8, 15.4 ± 0.7 and 14.5 ± 0.7 vs 7.5 ± 0.5 for Group 3) (p < 0.001); flare increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.001). CFT values were higher after surgery in all the three groups; the increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.0002). The percentage of symptoms-free patients after study treatment was significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (respectively 74% vs 14% of the total; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The addition of diclofenac or bromfenac ophthalmic solutions contributed to further reduce both inflammation and cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery compared to steroid-antibiotic combination alone. Diclofenac appeared to be more effective in reducing postoperative intraocular inflammation with a more intense and prolonged regimen, while bromfenac more tolerated with lower daily dose and treatment duration.

The Comparative Efficacy and Tolerability of Diclofenac 0.1% and Bromfenac 0.09% Ophthalmic Solutions after Cataract Surgery

Giannaccare G;
2018-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of diclofenac and bromfenac ophthalmic solutions as adjunctive therapy after cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled study included 130 patients who underwent cataract surgery. One hundred patients were randomized to receive postoperatively diclofenac 0.1% (four times daily for 28 days, Group 1) or bromfenac 0.09% (twice daily for 14 days, Group 2) ophthalmic solutions in addition to steroid-antibiotic combination. Thirty patients instilled only steroid-antibiotic combination (Control Group 3). Laser flare-cell photometry and optical coherence tomography scans with central foveal thickness (CFT) measurement were performed before (V0) and 7 (V1), 14 (V2) and 28 days (V3) after surgery. Treatment tolerability was scored using the Ocular Comfort Grading Assessment. RESULTS: Laser flare-cell photometry values were significantly higher at V1, V2 and V3 compared to V0 in all the groups (respectively 13.3 ± 1.0, 12.7 ± 0.9 and 9.6 ± 0.9 vs 8.4 ± 0.6 ph/ms for Group 1; 13.4 ± 1.0, 12.7 ± 0.9 and 12.7 ± 1.0 vs 8.1 ± 0.6 for Group 2; 15.9 ± 0.8, 15.4 ± 0.7 and 14.5 ± 0.7 vs 7.5 ± 0.5 for Group 3) (p < 0.001); flare increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.001). CFT values were higher after surgery in all the three groups; the increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.0002). The percentage of symptoms-free patients after study treatment was significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (respectively 74% vs 14% of the total; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The addition of diclofenac or bromfenac ophthalmic solutions contributed to further reduce both inflammation and cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery compared to steroid-antibiotic combination alone. Diclofenac appeared to be more effective in reducing postoperative intraocular inflammation with a more intense and prolonged regimen, while bromfenac more tolerated with lower daily dose and treatment duration.
2018
Purpose: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of diclofenac and bromfenac ophthalmic solutions as adjunctive therapy after cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: This prospective randomized controlled study included 130 patients who underwent cataract surgery. One hundred patients were randomized to receive postoperatively diclofenac 0.1% (four times daily for 28 days, Group 1) or bromfenac 0.09% (twice daily for 14 days, Group 2) ophthalmic solutions in addition to steroid-antibiotic combination. Thirty patients instilled only steroid-antibiotic combination (Control Group 3). Laser flare-cell photometry and optical coherence tomography scans with central foveal thickness (CFT) measurement were performed before (V0) and 7 (V1), 14 (V2) and 28 days (V3) after surgery. Treatment tolerability was scored using the Ocular Comfort Grading Assessment. Results: Laser flare-cell photometry values were significantly higher at V1, V2 and V3 compared to V0 in all the groups (respectively 13.3 +/- 1.0, 12.7 +/- 0.9 and 9.6 +/- 0.9 vs 8.4 +/- 0.6 ph/ms for Group 1; 13.4 +/- 1.0, 12.7 +/- 0.9 and 12.7 +/- 1.0 vs 8.1 +/- 0.6 for Group 2; 15.9 +/- 0.8, 15.4 +/- 0.7 and 14.5 +/- 0.7 vs 7.5 +/- 0.5 for Group 3) (p &lt; 0.001); flare increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p &lt; 0.001). CFT values were higher after surgery in all the three groups; the increase was significantly lower in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p &lt; 0.0002). The percentage of symptoms-free patients after study treatment was significantly higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (respectively 74% vs 14% of the total; p &lt; 0.001). Conclusion: The addition of diclofenac or bromfenac ophthalmic solutions contributed to further reduce both inflammation and cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery compared to steroid-antibiotic combination alone. Diclofenac appeared to be more effective in reducing postoperative intraocular inflammation with a more intense and prolonged regimen, while bromfenac more tolerated with lower daily dose and treatment duration.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; bromfenac; cataract surgery; diclofenac; intraocular inflammation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/2243
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