To determine the modifications of the long-duration response to levodopa in PD over a 1-year period. BACKGROUND: The development of predictable motor fluctuations in PD has been attributed mainly to modifications over time of the short-duration response to levodopa, whereas the role of the long-duration response has not been widely investigated. METHODS: In 17 patients with PD the authors examined prospectively both the short-duration response and the long-duration response to levodopa under standardized conditions on two different occasions separated by a period of approximately 1 year (11.7 +/- 3.6 months). RESULTS: At the end of the follow-up period, the short-duration response increased in magnitude but did not change significantly in duration. A total of 24% of patients lost the long-duration response 1 year after their first examination, but a sustained long-duration response could be reestablished by shortening the interdose interval for levodopa intake. Moreover, the duration of the long-duration response after discontinuation of treatment became significantly shorter during 1 year. CONCLUSION: Modifications of the long-duration response may have a pivotal role in generating a fluctuating response, and suggest that therapeutic strategies based on maintenance of the long-duration response should be sought to avoid the appearance of motor fluctuations

Loss of long-duration response to levodopa over time in PD: implications for wearing-off

Aguglia U;Gambardella A;
1999-01-01

Abstract

To determine the modifications of the long-duration response to levodopa in PD over a 1-year period. BACKGROUND: The development of predictable motor fluctuations in PD has been attributed mainly to modifications over time of the short-duration response to levodopa, whereas the role of the long-duration response has not been widely investigated. METHODS: In 17 patients with PD the authors examined prospectively both the short-duration response and the long-duration response to levodopa under standardized conditions on two different occasions separated by a period of approximately 1 year (11.7 +/- 3.6 months). RESULTS: At the end of the follow-up period, the short-duration response increased in magnitude but did not change significantly in duration. A total of 24% of patients lost the long-duration response 1 year after their first examination, but a sustained long-duration response could be reestablished by shortening the interdose interval for levodopa intake. Moreover, the duration of the long-duration response after discontinuation of treatment became significantly shorter during 1 year. CONCLUSION: Modifications of the long-duration response may have a pivotal role in generating a fluctuating response, and suggest that therapeutic strategies based on maintenance of the long-duration response should be sought to avoid the appearance of motor fluctuations
1999
long-duration response ; wearing-off; levodopa; Parkinson's disease
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/4142
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