Isolates of the rumen fluke Calicophoron daubneyi (Digenea: Paramphistomidae) from various hosts and three locations in southern Italy were characterized genetically. The second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) plus flanking 5.8S and 28S sequence (ITS-2+) was amplified from individual rumen flukes by PCR. PCR-linked restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis was performed using four different restriction endonucleases, and PCR products were sequenced. The PCR analyses from all the C daubneyi specimens produced identical fragments, and the PCR-RFLP analyses did not show, with respect to any of the four restriction endonucleases, any differences between the C. daubneyi specimens. The sequence analyses of the ITS-2+ from each of the C daubneyi specimens showed them all to be 428 bp, and composed of the entire ITS-2 sequence (282 bp) plus the two partial flanking conserved sequences, 5.8S (99 bp) and 28S (47 bp). No intra-specific variation was observed in the nucleotide composition of the 1TS-2+ (homology = 100%). There was, however, an observable interspecific variation between the ITS-2+ of C daubneyi and the ITS-2+ of both Calicophoron calicophorum (homology = 97.2%) and Calicophoron microbothrioides (homology = 97.4%), both previously deposited in the GenBank (TM). The finding of the present study shows that, as has already demonstrated for other parasitic helminths, ITS-2 can serve as an effective genetic marker for the molecular identification of pararaphistornes, and as a useful tool for developing molecular epidemiological techniques for the study of C daubneyi transmission patterns and prevalence in definitive and intermediate hosts. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Characterization of the second internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA of Calicophoron daubneyi from various hosts and locations in southern Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|