In this paper, we describe the synthesis of a series of novel substituted 4-aryl-6,7-methylenedioxyphthalazin-1(2H)-ones. The anticonvulsant activity of these compounds against audiogenic seizures was evaluated in DBA/2 mice after intraperitoneal (ip) injection. Most of these derivatives are more active than 1-(4-aminophenyl)-4-methyl-7,8-methylene,2,3-benzodiazepine (1, GYKI 52466), a well-known noncompetitive AMPA receptor antagonist. As deduced by the rotarod test, all the compounds exhibit a toxicity lower than that of 1. Within the series of derivatives submitted to investigation, 4-(4-aminophenyl)-2-butylcarbamoyl-6,7-methylenedioxyphthalazin-1(2H)-one (21) proved to be the most active compound and is 11-fold more potent than 1 (i.e., ED(50) 3.25 mu mol/kg for 21 versus ED(50) 35.8 mu mol/kg for 1). When compared to 1, compound 21 as well as its analogue 4-(4-aminophenyl)-6,7-methylenedioxyphthalazin-1(2H)-one (16) show a longer lasting anticonvulsant activity. Compound 21 also effectively suppresses seizures induced in Swiss mice by maximal electroshock (MES) and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). Furthermore, it antagonizes in vivo seizures induced by 2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (AMPA), 2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-tert-butyl-isoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (ATPA), and kainate (KA), and its anticonvulsant activity is reversed by pretreatment with aniracetam. Using the patch-clamp technique, the capability of derivatives 16 and 21 to antagonize KA-evoked currents in primary cultures of granule neurons was tested. They behaved as antagonists, but they proved to be less effective than 1 and 1-(4-aminophenyl)-3, 4-dihydro-4-methyl-3-N-methylcarbamoyl-7, 8-methylenedioxy-5H-2,3-benzodiazepine (2, GYKI 53655) to reduce the KA-evoked currents.

Synthesis and anticonvulsant activity of novel and potent 6,7-methylenedioxyphthalazin-1(2H)-ones

De Sarro G;
2000-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, we describe the synthesis of a series of novel substituted 4-aryl-6,7-methylenedioxyphthalazin-1(2H)-ones. The anticonvulsant activity of these compounds against audiogenic seizures was evaluated in DBA/2 mice after intraperitoneal (ip) injection. Most of these derivatives are more active than 1-(4-aminophenyl)-4-methyl-7,8-methylene,2,3-benzodiazepine (1, GYKI 52466), a well-known noncompetitive AMPA receptor antagonist. As deduced by the rotarod test, all the compounds exhibit a toxicity lower than that of 1. Within the series of derivatives submitted to investigation, 4-(4-aminophenyl)-2-butylcarbamoyl-6,7-methylenedioxyphthalazin-1(2H)-one (21) proved to be the most active compound and is 11-fold more potent than 1 (i.e., ED(50) 3.25 mu mol/kg for 21 versus ED(50) 35.8 mu mol/kg for 1). When compared to 1, compound 21 as well as its analogue 4-(4-aminophenyl)-6,7-methylenedioxyphthalazin-1(2H)-one (16) show a longer lasting anticonvulsant activity. Compound 21 also effectively suppresses seizures induced in Swiss mice by maximal electroshock (MES) and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). Furthermore, it antagonizes in vivo seizures induced by 2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (AMPA), 2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-tert-butyl-isoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (ATPA), and kainate (KA), and its anticonvulsant activity is reversed by pretreatment with aniracetam. Using the patch-clamp technique, the capability of derivatives 16 and 21 to antagonize KA-evoked currents in primary cultures of granule neurons was tested. They behaved as antagonists, but they proved to be less effective than 1 and 1-(4-aminophenyl)-3, 4-dihydro-4-methyl-3-N-methylcarbamoyl-7, 8-methylenedioxy-5H-2,3-benzodiazepine (2, GYKI 53655) to reduce the KA-evoked currents.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/4504
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