The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the genesis of motor and electrocortical seizures elicited by administration of excitatory amino acid agonists into the deep prepiriform cortex (DPC) has been evaluated. Motor and electrocortical seizures occurred in rats receiving unilateral microinjections into the DPC of either N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA, 5 and 10 nmol) or kainate (KA, 100 pmol). The selective NMDA receptor antagonist 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoate (APH), when microinjected into DPC, prevented the development of seizures induced by both NMDA and KA injected in the same site. In addition, methylene blue (20 nmol, which prevents activation of soluble guanylate cyclase) OT N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (NMMA, 40 nmol; a specific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis), when microinjected into DPC 15 min prior to either NMDA or KA, significantly protected against seizures elicited by both excitatory amino acid agonists. These data confirm the role of excitatory amino acid transmission in the genesis of seizures elicited from the deep prepiriform cortex. They further suggest that activation of excitatory amino acid receptors within the DPC leads to the release of a substance which shares properties with EDRF/NO and contributes to the genesis of seizure activity in this area.
|Titolo:||ROLE OF NITRIC-OXIDE IN THE GENESIS OF EXCITATORY AMINO ACID-INDUCED SEIZURES FROM THE DEEP PREPIRIFORM CORTEX|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|