The impact of World War II on the nutrition and health of Italian children is examined. During the Second World War (1939–1945), both per capita GDP and consumption collapsed in Italy. Infant mortalityincreased. The anthropometric measurements of a sample of schoolchildren show a loss in weight andheight in comparison with the pre-war years. Measurements of conscripts born during the conflict showan interruption in the secular increase in height, with a decrease in the mean height of conscripts bornin 1945. The adverse impact of the war on height, particularly affected the northern regions, and appearsto be related to the ‘geography of conflict’ in Italy.

The impact of Word War II on nutrition and children’s health in Italy

Daniele V;Ghezzi R
2019-01-01

Abstract

The impact of World War II on the nutrition and health of Italian children is examined. During the Second World War (1939–1945), both per capita GDP and consumption collapsed in Italy. Infant mortalityincreased. The anthropometric measurements of a sample of schoolchildren show a loss in weight andheight in comparison with the pre-war years. Measurements of conscripts born during the conflict showan interruption in the secular increase in height, with a decrease in the mean height of conscripts bornin 1945. The adverse impact of the war on height, particularly affected the northern regions, and appearsto be related to the ‘geography of conflict’ in Italy.
2019
El artículo examina el impacto de la Segunda Guerra Mundial sobre la nutrición y la salud de los ninos en ˜Italia. Durante la guerra, tanto el PIB como los consumos per cápita disminuyeron notablemente. La mortalidad infantil aumentó. Las medidas antropométricas sobre un muestreo de ninos, denota una reducción ˜del peso y de la estatura con respecto al nivel pre-bélico. Los datos de los reclutas nacidas durante la guerramuestran como el proceso de crecimiento secular de la estatura se interrumpió. La estatura media de losreclutas nacidas en el ano 1945 disminuyó. El impacto de la guerra en la estatura afectó principalmente ˜a las regiones del Norte, y parece que esté relacionado con la «geografía del conflicto» en Italia.
World War II
Italy
Food rationing
Anthropometry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/4819
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