The objective of this study was to investigate the thalamic biochemical changes in tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (tPD) patients in comparison with essential tremor with resting tremor (rET) patients, by using proton MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS).METHODS:Fourteen tPD patients, 12 rET patients and 10 controls participated in this study. All patients underwent dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) with 123I-ioflupane, and a short-echo single-voxel 1H-MRS on a 3T scanner. A voxel of 10 × 15 × 10 mm involving the Vim nucleus was acquired in both thalami of all subjects. Peak areas of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), creatine (Cr), glycerophosphocholine (Cho), and glutamate (Glu) were measured for each voxel using LCModel. The NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, and Glu/Cr ratios were then calculated.RESULTS:DAT-SPECT was abnormal in tPD patients, whereas it was normal in rET patients. Patients with tPD showed a significant reduction of NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr in the thalami compared to rET and healthy controls; whereas there were no significant differences between rET patients and controls. The combination of thalamic NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratios showed a 100% accuracy in distinguishing tPD patients from rET patients and controls.CONCLUSIONS:This study provides preliminary evidence that thalamic neurometabolic abnormalities occur in tremor-dominant phenotype of PD, and suggests that 1H-MRS can help differentiate patients with tPD from those with rET.

Thalamic neurometabolic alterations in tremulous Parkinson's disease: A preliminary proton MR spectroscopy study.

Barbagallo G;ARABIA, GENNARINA;Morelli M;Nisticò R;Novellino F;Salsone M;Rocca F;Quattrone A;Caracciolo M;Cherubini A;Sabatini, Umberto
2017-01-01

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the thalamic biochemical changes in tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (tPD) patients in comparison with essential tremor with resting tremor (rET) patients, by using proton MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS).METHODS:Fourteen tPD patients, 12 rET patients and 10 controls participated in this study. All patients underwent dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) with 123I-ioflupane, and a short-echo single-voxel 1H-MRS on a 3T scanner. A voxel of 10 × 15 × 10 mm involving the Vim nucleus was acquired in both thalami of all subjects. Peak areas of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), creatine (Cr), glycerophosphocholine (Cho), and glutamate (Glu) were measured for each voxel using LCModel. The NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, and Glu/Cr ratios were then calculated.RESULTS:DAT-SPECT was abnormal in tPD patients, whereas it was normal in rET patients. Patients with tPD showed a significant reduction of NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr in the thalami compared to rET and healthy controls; whereas there were no significant differences between rET patients and controls. The combination of thalamic NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratios showed a 100% accuracy in distinguishing tPD patients from rET patients and controls.CONCLUSIONS:This study provides preliminary evidence that thalamic neurometabolic abnormalities occur in tremor-dominant phenotype of PD, and suggests that 1H-MRS can help differentiate patients with tPD from those with rET.
2017
Essential tremor with resting tremor; Magnetic resonance Imaging; Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/482
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