Previous studies suggested that the IGF-1/IGF-1 receptor signaling pathway may contribute to regulate uric acid levels. To confirm this hypothesis, we assessed the effects of the IGF-1-raising genetic variant rs35767 on urate levels in serum and urine, and we investigated IGF-1 ability to modulate the expression of transporters involved in reabsorption and secretion of uric acid in the kidney. The study population included 2794 adult Whites. 24-hour urinary uric acid concentration was available for 229 subjects. rs35767 polymorphism was screened using TaqMan genotyping assays. HEK293 (human embryonic kidney-293) cell line was treated with IGF-1 (1, 5, 10, 50 nM) for 24-hours, and differences in the expression of urate transporters were evaluated via Western Blot and real time rtPCR. Individuals carrying the IGF-1-raising allele (rs35767 T) exhibited significantly lower levels of serum urate according to both additive and recessive models, after correction for gender, age, BMI, glucose tolerance, glomerular filtration rate, and anti-hypertensive treatment. TT genotype carriers displayed higher uricosuria than C allele carriers did, after adjusting for confounders. Exposure of HEK293 cells to IGF-1 resulted in a dose-dependent increase of uric acid transporters deputed to uric acid excretion (MRP4, NPT1 and BCRP), and reduction of GLUT9 expression, the major mediator of uric acid reabsorption, both at mRNA and protein level. We observed a significant association between the functional polymorphism rs35767 near IGF1 with serum urate concentrations and we provide a mechanistic explanation supporting a causal role for IGF-1 in the regulation of uric acid homeostasis.
|Titolo:||The polymorphism rs35767 at IGF1 locus is associated with serum urate levels|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|