Objective: Perampanel (PER) is a noncompetitive beta-amino-3-(5-methyl-3-oxo-1,2-oxazol-4-yl) propionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonist with demonstrated efficacy in animal models of status epilepticus (SE). We performed a systematic review of the literature to assess the efficacy and tolerability of PER in the treatment of refractory and super-refractory SE. Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, and CENTRAL (accessed from inception to April 30, 2018) to identify studies evaluating oral PER as treatment of SE of any type. We also searched the OpenGrey repository and conference proceedings of international congresses by the International League Against Epilepsy and by the American Epilepsy Society from 2012 onwards. Results: Ten articles were included, with a total of 69 episodes of SE occurring in 68 patients (aged 18 to 91 years). The type and etiology of SE varied remarkably across studies. The number of drugs used prior to PER ranged from 1 to 9. The time from SE onset to PER administration ranged from 9.25 h to 35 days. The initial PER dose ranged from 2 to 32 mg. The proportion of patients achieving clinical SE cessation varied from 17% to 100%. The time from PER administration to SE cessation ranged from 1 h to 4 weeks. Conclusions: The currently available evidence supporting the use of PER in SE is weak and hampered by several confounding factors. Further studies should be performed in more clinically homogeneous and larger cohorts to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PER administered in earlier stages of SE, at higher dosages, and at intervals shorter than 24 h. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Perampanel in the treatment of status epilepticus: A systematic review of the literature|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|