Schizophrenia; de novo CNV; enhancers; family trios; genetics

AbstractObjectives Variants appearing de novo in genes regulating key neurodevelopmental processes and/or in noncoding cis-regulatory elements (CREs), as enhancers, may increase the risk for schizophrenia. However, CREs involvement in schizophrenia needs to be explored more deeply. Methods We investigated de novo copy number variations (CNVs) in the whole genomic DNA obtained from 46 family trios of schizophrenia probands by using the Enhancer Chip, a customized array CGH able to investigate the whole genome with a 300Kb resolution, specific disease loci at a tenfold higher resolution, and that was highly enriched in probes in more than 1.250 enhancer elements selected from Vista Enhancer Browser.Results In seven patients, we found de novo CNVs, two of which overlapped VISTA enhancer elements. De novo CNVs encompass genes (CNTNAP2, MAGI1, TSPAN7 and MET) involved in brain development while that involving the enhancer element hs1043, also includes ZIC1 that plays a role in neural development and is responsible of behavioral abnormalities in Zic mutant mice. Conclusions These findings provide further evidence for the involvement of de novo CNVs in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and suggest that CNVs affecting regulatory enhancer elements could contribute to the genetic vulnerability to the disorder.Key words: schizophrenia, genetics, enhancers, de novo CNV, family trios.

Assessment of de novo copy number variations in Italian patients with schizophrenia: detection of putative mutations involving regulatory enhancer elements

STEARDO L;
2017-01-01

Abstract

AbstractObjectives Variants appearing de novo in genes regulating key neurodevelopmental processes and/or in noncoding cis-regulatory elements (CREs), as enhancers, may increase the risk for schizophrenia. However, CREs involvement in schizophrenia needs to be explored more deeply. Methods We investigated de novo copy number variations (CNVs) in the whole genomic DNA obtained from 46 family trios of schizophrenia probands by using the Enhancer Chip, a customized array CGH able to investigate the whole genome with a 300Kb resolution, specific disease loci at a tenfold higher resolution, and that was highly enriched in probes in more than 1.250 enhancer elements selected from Vista Enhancer Browser.Results In seven patients, we found de novo CNVs, two of which overlapped VISTA enhancer elements. De novo CNVs encompass genes (CNTNAP2, MAGI1, TSPAN7 and MET) involved in brain development while that involving the enhancer element hs1043, also includes ZIC1 that plays a role in neural development and is responsible of behavioral abnormalities in Zic mutant mice. Conclusions These findings provide further evidence for the involvement of de novo CNVs in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and suggest that CNVs affecting regulatory enhancer elements could contribute to the genetic vulnerability to the disorder.Key words: schizophrenia, genetics, enhancers, de novo CNV, family trios.
2017
Schizophrenia; de novo CNV; enhancers; family trios; genetics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/58552
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