Sports are common cause of dental and orofacial injuries, dental accidents often have lifelong consequences. The use of the mouthguards in the combat sport has the ability to prevent many orofacial injuries in athletes. Lack Italian-based epidemiological information exists about the incidence of dental injury in sports and correlation with MRSA exposure and/or infection. Aim was to evaluate occurrence of dental traumas, level of knowledge of the participants about preventive measures, management of dental trauma during sports and to correlate with MRSA exposure in Italian combat sport athletes. A cross-sectional study was conducted to 244 young athletes from different contact sports (taekwondo (n=81; 33,19%); judo (n=27; 11,06% ); Kick boxing (n=24; 9,83%); Boxing (n=38; 15,57%) and Other Sport (n=74; 30,32%). Tow standardized questionnaires were used about socio-demographic characteristics, specific sport activities, participants health conditions, dental trauma (occurrence; circumstances regarding the dental trauma; area of incidence of trauma), habits regarding the use and type of mouthguard. The statistical analysis involved descriptive and inferential statistical measures. Eighty-nine percentage of participants (25±9,7 yrs; 66,09±13,01 kg; 1,70±0,1m; 6.00±3.1 years/experience) reported that no to suffer of dental injury, while 26 athletes (11%) reported higher rate of dental injuries in taekwondo (6,33±2,05) (P=0.005). Most participants were aware of mouthguards for dental trauma prevention and considered them efficient to prevent dental injuries during sports activities, 76% used them. Statistically significant difference was in the mouthguards characteristics: model was single arc (58%), boilt&bite type (93 %), standard measure (86%), gel material (55%) (P<0.001). S. aureus was carried by 42% of 244 enrolled athletes. A high prevalence of dental trauma in the enrolled athletes was not found. Participants were aware of mouthguards for dental trauma prevention but not so informed about the specific characteristics. Data showed a high prevalence of S. aureus carriage and a relevant resistance to antimicrobials frequently used for the treatment MRSA infections, but no correlated to dental trauma.

Relationship between mouth guards use, dental injuries and infection in young combat sport athletes

Iona T
;
Masala D;Tornello F;Mascaro V;Ammendolia A
2019

Abstract

Sports are common cause of dental and orofacial injuries, dental accidents often have lifelong consequences. The use of the mouthguards in the combat sport has the ability to prevent many orofacial injuries in athletes. Lack Italian-based epidemiological information exists about the incidence of dental injury in sports and correlation with MRSA exposure and/or infection. Aim was to evaluate occurrence of dental traumas, level of knowledge of the participants about preventive measures, management of dental trauma during sports and to correlate with MRSA exposure in Italian combat sport athletes. A cross-sectional study was conducted to 244 young athletes from different contact sports (taekwondo (n=81; 33,19%); judo (n=27; 11,06% ); Kick boxing (n=24; 9,83%); Boxing (n=38; 15,57%) and Other Sport (n=74; 30,32%). Tow standardized questionnaires were used about socio-demographic characteristics, specific sport activities, participants health conditions, dental trauma (occurrence; circumstances regarding the dental trauma; area of incidence of trauma), habits regarding the use and type of mouthguard. The statistical analysis involved descriptive and inferential statistical measures. Eighty-nine percentage of participants (25±9,7 yrs; 66,09±13,01 kg; 1,70±0,1m; 6.00±3.1 years/experience) reported that no to suffer of dental injury, while 26 athletes (11%) reported higher rate of dental injuries in taekwondo (6,33±2,05) (P=0.005). Most participants were aware of mouthguards for dental trauma prevention and considered them efficient to prevent dental injuries during sports activities, 76% used them. Statistically significant difference was in the mouthguards characteristics: model was single arc (58%), boilt&bite type (93 %), standard measure (86%), gel material (55%) (P<0.001). S. aureus was carried by 42% of 244 enrolled athletes. A high prevalence of dental trauma in the enrolled athletes was not found. Participants were aware of mouthguards for dental trauma prevention but not so informed about the specific characteristics. Data showed a high prevalence of S. aureus carriage and a relevant resistance to antimicrobials frequently used for the treatment MRSA infections, but no correlated to dental trauma.
Combat sport; Dental injury; Mouthguards; MRSA infection
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/58654
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