BACKGROUND: Prevalence of and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) according to male sexual orientation have been scantly analysed. We aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of LUTS in a cohort of Caucasian-European men who have sex with men seeking medical help for uroandrologic reasons other than LUTS. METHODS: Data from 949 consecutive individuals in an outpatient setting were analysed. Severity of LUTS was measured with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). Men with storage symptoms scored 1-3 and ⩾ 4 (of 15), and voiding symptoms scored 1-4 and ⩾ 5 (of 20) were considered as having mild and moderate-to-severe symptoms, respectively. For individual symptoms, patients with scores ⩾ 1 were deemed symptomatic (according to Apostolidis et al.(15)). Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models tested the association between LUTS and sexual orientation. RESULTS: Complete data were available for 213 (22.4%) men who have sex with men (MSM) and 736 (77.6%) heterosexuals (mean age (s.d.): 41.0 (12.2) vs 39.9 (12.1) years). Compared with heterosexuals, MSM reported higher rates of total IPSS scores suggestive of moderate (21.6% vs 20%) and severe LUTS (3.8% vs 2.4%) (P=0.004). Similarly, MSM showed higher rates of mild (48.8% vs 45.2%) and moderate-to-severe (39.4% vs 30.4%) storage symptoms (all P<0.001), and of mild (45.1% vs 34.8%) and moderate-to-severe (20.2% vs 19.2%) voiding symptoms (all P<0.01). MSM status was an independent predictor of mild voiding symptoms (odds ratio (OR): 1.40; P=0.004), moderate-to-severe storage symptoms (OR: 1.40; P=0.04) and severe total IPSS (OR: 1.49; P=0.03), after adjusting for other variables. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest a higher prevalence and severity of LUTS in MSM compared with heterosexual men seeking medical help for uroandrologic reasons other than LUTS.
|Titolo:||Lower urinary tract symptoms among Caucasian-European men who have sex with men: findings from a real-life survey.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|