BACKGROUND: Petrous meningiomas (PMs) represent a subset of posterior fossa tumors accounting for ∼8% of all intracranial meningiomas. Surgical treatment of PMs is challenging because of their relationships with vital neurovascular structures of the cerebellopontine angle. OBJECTIVE: To investigate independent pre- and intraoperative predictors of PM surgery outcome. METHODS:We reviewed the surgical and outcomedata of patientswho underwentmicrosurgical resection of PMs from 1997 to 2016. From 2007 onward, a multimodal intraoperative protocol consisting of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM), endoscopy, and indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography was applied. Outcome variables included extent of resection, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), overall survival, and progressionfree survival (PFS). RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were included. Independent predictors of gross total resection (GTR) included retromeatal location (P < .0175; odds ratio [OR] 4.05), absence of brainstem compression (P < .02; OR 3.55), and histological WHO grade I (P < .001; OR 3.47). Nongiant size (P < .012; OR 4.38), and WHO grade I (P < .0001; OR 7.7) were independent predictors of stable or improved KPS. The use of multimodal intraoperative tools to assist surgery independently predicted GTR (P < .002; OR 6.8) and good KPS (P < .018; OR 4.23). Nongiant size (P = .01) and WHO grade I (P = .002) were significantly associated with increased PFS. CONCLUSION: Notwithstanding the limitations of a retrospective study, our results suggest that support of microsurgery by a combination of IONM, endoscopy, and ICG videoangiography may improve patient outcome in PM surgery.

Petrosal meningiomas: Factors affecting outcome and the role of intraoperative multimodal assistance to microsurgery

La Torre D.;Germano A.
2019-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Petrous meningiomas (PMs) represent a subset of posterior fossa tumors accounting for ∼8% of all intracranial meningiomas. Surgical treatment of PMs is challenging because of their relationships with vital neurovascular structures of the cerebellopontine angle. OBJECTIVE: To investigate independent pre- and intraoperative predictors of PM surgery outcome. METHODS:We reviewed the surgical and outcomedata of patientswho underwentmicrosurgical resection of PMs from 1997 to 2016. From 2007 onward, a multimodal intraoperative protocol consisting of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM), endoscopy, and indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography was applied. Outcome variables included extent of resection, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), overall survival, and progressionfree survival (PFS). RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were included. Independent predictors of gross total resection (GTR) included retromeatal location (P < .0175; odds ratio [OR] 4.05), absence of brainstem compression (P < .02; OR 3.55), and histological WHO grade I (P < .001; OR 3.47). Nongiant size (P < .012; OR 4.38), and WHO grade I (P < .0001; OR 7.7) were independent predictors of stable or improved KPS. The use of multimodal intraoperative tools to assist surgery independently predicted GTR (P < .002; OR 6.8) and good KPS (P < .018; OR 4.23). Nongiant size (P = .01) and WHO grade I (P = .002) were significantly associated with increased PFS. CONCLUSION: Notwithstanding the limitations of a retrospective study, our results suggest that support of microsurgery by a combination of IONM, endoscopy, and ICG videoangiography may improve patient outcome in PM surgery.
2019
Endoscopic assistance; Indocyanine green videoangiography; Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring; Petrous bonemeningiomas; Posterior fossa meningioma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/59969
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