Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of untreated asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (CS) in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This was a post hoc analysis of data from a prospective multicentre observational study. Patients without history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack from the multicentre E-CABG registry who were screened for CS before isolated CABG were included. Results: Among 2813 patients screened by duplex ultrasound and who did not undergo carotid intervention for asymptomatic CS, 11.1% had a stenosis of 50–59%, 6.0% of 60–69%, 3.1% of 70–79%, 1.4% of 80–89%, 0.5% of 90–99%, and 1.1% had carotid occlusion. In the screened population post-operative stroke occurred in 25 patients (0.9%), with an incidence of 1.5% among patients with CS ≥ 50% (n = 649). Pre-operative screening had not found a relevant CS in 15 of 25 patients suffering stroke after CABG. Brain imaging identified cerebral ischaemic injury in 20 patients, which was bilateral in five patients (25%), ipsilateral to a CS ≥ 50% in six (30%), and ipsilateral to a CS ≥ 70% in three (15%). In univariable analysis, the severity of CS was associated with a significantly increased risk of stroke (CS < 50%, 0.7%; 50–59%, 1.0%; 60–69%, 0.6%; 70–79%, 1.2%; 80–89%, 5.1%; 90–99%, 7.7%; occluded, 6.7%, p <.001). In multivariable analysis, a CS of 90–99% (OR 12.03, 95% CI 1.34–108.23) and the presence of an occluded internal carotid artery (OR 8.783, 95% CI 1.820–42.40) were independent predictors of stroke along with urgency of the procedure, severe massive bleeding according to the E-CABG classification, and the presence of a porcelain ascending aorta. Conclusions: Among screened patients with untreated asymptomatic patients, CS ≥ 90% was an independent predictor of post-operative stroke. As this condition has a low prevalence and when left untreated is associated with a relatively low rate of stroke, pre-operative screening of asymptomatic CS before CABG may not be justified. Clinical Trial registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02319083.

Prognostic Impact of Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Santarpino G.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of untreated asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (CS) in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This was a post hoc analysis of data from a prospective multicentre observational study. Patients without history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack from the multicentre E-CABG registry who were screened for CS before isolated CABG were included. Results: Among 2813 patients screened by duplex ultrasound and who did not undergo carotid intervention for asymptomatic CS, 11.1% had a stenosis of 50–59%, 6.0% of 60–69%, 3.1% of 70–79%, 1.4% of 80–89%, 0.5% of 90–99%, and 1.1% had carotid occlusion. In the screened population post-operative stroke occurred in 25 patients (0.9%), with an incidence of 1.5% among patients with CS ≥ 50% (n = 649). Pre-operative screening had not found a relevant CS in 15 of 25 patients suffering stroke after CABG. Brain imaging identified cerebral ischaemic injury in 20 patients, which was bilateral in five patients (25%), ipsilateral to a CS ≥ 50% in six (30%), and ipsilateral to a CS ≥ 70% in three (15%). In univariable analysis, the severity of CS was associated with a significantly increased risk of stroke (CS < 50%, 0.7%; 50–59%, 1.0%; 60–69%, 0.6%; 70–79%, 1.2%; 80–89%, 5.1%; 90–99%, 7.7%; occluded, 6.7%, p <.001). In multivariable analysis, a CS of 90–99% (OR 12.03, 95% CI 1.34–108.23) and the presence of an occluded internal carotid artery (OR 8.783, 95% CI 1.820–42.40) were independent predictors of stroke along with urgency of the procedure, severe massive bleeding according to the E-CABG classification, and the presence of a porcelain ascending aorta. Conclusions: Among screened patients with untreated asymptomatic patients, CS ≥ 90% was an independent predictor of post-operative stroke. As this condition has a low prevalence and when left untreated is associated with a relatively low rate of stroke, pre-operative screening of asymptomatic CS before CABG may not be justified. Clinical Trial registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02319083.
2018
Carotid artery stenosis; Coronary artery bypass grafting; Stroke; Adult; Aged; Carotid Stenosis; Coronary Artery Disease; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Prognosis; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Stroke; Treatment Outcome; Coronary Artery Bypass; Endarterectomy, Carotid
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/60372
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