BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence suggests that combining 1-hour plasma glucose ≥155 mg/dl during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) significantly increases their predictive power for incident diabetes, while their individual and joint associations with cardio-metabolic risk factors remain undefined. Herein, we evaluated whether 1-hour post-load plasma glucose ≥155 mg/dl combined with HbA1c may identify pre-diabetic individuals with a higher cardio-metabolic risk. METHODS: Anthropometric and metabolic characteristics, insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion assessed by OGTT-derived indexes, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), pulse pressure, and rate pressure product were evaluated in 1495 individuals. RESULTS: As compared with subjects with 1-hour post-load glucose <155 mg/dl, individuals with 1-hour post-load glucose ≥155 mg/dl exhibited a significantly worse cardio metabolic profile, both in the group with HbA1c <5.7%, and in the group with prediabetes (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%). Specifically, in both groups, subjects with 1-hour post-load glucose ≥155 mg/dl had higher fasting and 2-h post-load glucose (p < 0.0001 for all in both groups), higher HOMA-IR (p < 0.0001 in both groups), and carotid IMT (p = 0.05 in the group with HbA1c <5.7% and p = 0.03 in the group HbA1c 5.7-6.4%), as well as lower Matsuda index, insulinogenic index and disposition index (p < 0.0001 in both groups), and lower insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (p < 0.0001 in the group with HbA1c <5.7% and p = 0.03 in the group HbA1c 5.7-6.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Hyperglycemia at 1-hour during an OGTT may be a useful tool to identify a subset of individuals within HbA1c-defined glycemic categories at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

One-hour post-load hyperglycemia combined with HbA1c identifies pre-diabetic individuals with a higher cardio-metabolic risk burden

Fiorentino TV;Sciacqua A;Hribal M;Perticone F;Andreozzi F
2016-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence suggests that combining 1-hour plasma glucose ≥155 mg/dl during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) significantly increases their predictive power for incident diabetes, while their individual and joint associations with cardio-metabolic risk factors remain undefined. Herein, we evaluated whether 1-hour post-load plasma glucose ≥155 mg/dl combined with HbA1c may identify pre-diabetic individuals with a higher cardio-metabolic risk. METHODS: Anthropometric and metabolic characteristics, insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion assessed by OGTT-derived indexes, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), pulse pressure, and rate pressure product were evaluated in 1495 individuals. RESULTS: As compared with subjects with 1-hour post-load glucose <155 mg/dl, individuals with 1-hour post-load glucose ≥155 mg/dl exhibited a significantly worse cardio metabolic profile, both in the group with HbA1c <5.7%, and in the group with prediabetes (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%). Specifically, in both groups, subjects with 1-hour post-load glucose ≥155 mg/dl had higher fasting and 2-h post-load glucose (p < 0.0001 for all in both groups), higher HOMA-IR (p < 0.0001 in both groups), and carotid IMT (p = 0.05 in the group with HbA1c <5.7% and p = 0.03 in the group HbA1c 5.7-6.4%), as well as lower Matsuda index, insulinogenic index and disposition index (p < 0.0001 in both groups), and lower insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (p < 0.0001 in the group with HbA1c <5.7% and p = 0.03 in the group HbA1c 5.7-6.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Hyperglycemia at 1-hour during an OGTT may be a useful tool to identify a subset of individuals within HbA1c-defined glycemic categories at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/6043
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