The aim of this systematic review was to answer the question: Is the application of autologous platelet concentrates (APCs) effective in the prevention and treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)? A literature search of PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases (articles published until June 30, 2019) was conducted, in accordance with the PRISMA statement, using search terms related to “platelet concentrate” and “osteonecrosis”. The Jadad scale was used to assess the quality of the articles. Fisher's exact test was used to evaluate eventual differences between groups. Of 594 articles, 43 were included in the review (8 for MRONJ prevention and 35 for MRONJ treatment). Out of a total of 1219 dental extractions recorded (786 with APCs), only 12 cases of MRONJ have been reported (1%), all in patients with a history of high-dose antiresorptive treatment, and regardless of the use of APCs (p = 0.7634). Regarding MRONJ treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in terms of improvement between APC application and surgical treatment alone (p = 0.0788). Results are not sufficient to establish the effectiveness of APCs in the prevention and treatment of MRONJ. Randomized controlled trials with large sample size are needed.

Is the application of platelet concentrates effective in the prevention and treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw? A systematic review

Fortunato L.;Bennardo F.;Buffone C.;Giudice A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this systematic review was to answer the question: Is the application of autologous platelet concentrates (APCs) effective in the prevention and treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)? A literature search of PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases (articles published until June 30, 2019) was conducted, in accordance with the PRISMA statement, using search terms related to “platelet concentrate” and “osteonecrosis”. The Jadad scale was used to assess the quality of the articles. Fisher's exact test was used to evaluate eventual differences between groups. Of 594 articles, 43 were included in the review (8 for MRONJ prevention and 35 for MRONJ treatment). Out of a total of 1219 dental extractions recorded (786 with APCs), only 12 cases of MRONJ have been reported (1%), all in patients with a history of high-dose antiresorptive treatment, and regardless of the use of APCs (p = 0.7634). Regarding MRONJ treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in terms of improvement between APC application and surgical treatment alone (p = 0.0788). Results are not sufficient to establish the effectiveness of APCs in the prevention and treatment of MRONJ. Randomized controlled trials with large sample size are needed.
2020
ONJ; Osteonecrosis; Platelet concentrate; PRF; PRGF; PRP
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/61542
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