Background: Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) accounts for 85–90% of all forms of lung cancer. Immuno-oncology represents a valid new approach but the high cost requires a specific evaluation of the health outcomes. This study describes the real-world efficacy, safety and cost profiles of the new anti-PD-1 immune-checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab and pembrolizumab on a cohort of 56 selected patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods: A retrospective, observational analysis was conducted on patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors from September 2015 to September 2018 at Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria “Mater Domini” in Catanzaro, Italy. Data sources were medical records, internal prescription cards and reports of adverse reactions. Results: Fifty-six patients were diagnosed with advanced NSCLC, 64.3% characterized by a non-squamous histology, 30.3% squamous and 5.4% not specified. First-line treatment with pembrolizumab was administered to 11 patients for an average of 4.4 months, while 45 patients were treated with nivolumab for an average of 8.6 months. Data showed a survival rate of 95% after 6 months and 88% after 12 months. Most patients received immunotherapy as a second-line or subsequent treatment. In terms of prior therapy among all the patients, 43 had received platinum-based treatments. Indirect comparison with other real-world data studies showed variability in methodologies and an alignment in terms of results. Conclusion: This study, based on real-world data, was a first step in the assessment of the impact of the introduction of a significant new class of treatments, i.e. immunotherapy, and covers patients, treatments and outcomes, as well as organizational and economic variables.

Real-world data on patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer treated with checkpoint inhibitors in an Italian Teaching Hospital in 2015–2018

Veraldi M.;Cosco D.
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) accounts for 85–90% of all forms of lung cancer. Immuno-oncology represents a valid new approach but the high cost requires a specific evaluation of the health outcomes. This study describes the real-world efficacy, safety and cost profiles of the new anti-PD-1 immune-checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab and pembrolizumab on a cohort of 56 selected patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods: A retrospective, observational analysis was conducted on patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors from September 2015 to September 2018 at Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria “Mater Domini” in Catanzaro, Italy. Data sources were medical records, internal prescription cards and reports of adverse reactions. Results: Fifty-six patients were diagnosed with advanced NSCLC, 64.3% characterized by a non-squamous histology, 30.3% squamous and 5.4% not specified. First-line treatment with pembrolizumab was administered to 11 patients for an average of 4.4 months, while 45 patients were treated with nivolumab for an average of 8.6 months. Data showed a survival rate of 95% after 6 months and 88% after 12 months. Most patients received immunotherapy as a second-line or subsequent treatment. In terms of prior therapy among all the patients, 43 had received platinum-based treatments. Indirect comparison with other real-world data studies showed variability in methodologies and an alignment in terms of results. Conclusion: This study, based on real-world data, was a first step in the assessment of the impact of the introduction of a significant new class of treatments, i.e. immunotherapy, and covers patients, treatments and outcomes, as well as organizational and economic variables.
2020
Checkpoint inhibitors
nivolumab
non-small cell lung carcinoma
pembrolizumab
real-world data
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/62618
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