Introduction: The gut microbiota seems to be implicated in the functioning and development of basic physiological processes and might also influence central neural processes, through the microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) axis. Pre- and clinical studies support the role of the microbiome in seizure modulation and in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Acting through different interventions (e.g. diet, supplementations, drugs) could perturb directly and indirectly the MGB axis. Investigating the effects of these interventions might possibly allow better understanding of epilepsy itself, identify biomarkers, or providing new therapeutic options. Areas covered: PubMed and Google Scholar searches were used to compile a list of relevant publications until January 2020, using data from preclinical studies and clinical trials and gut microbiome/microbiota projects. Furthermore, we evaluate the impact of the antiepileptic drugs on gut microbiota and the influence of intestinal alterations on seizures occurrence. Expert opinion: Investigating the MGB axis and the role of gut supplementation in epilepsy is challenging due to the numerous potential pathways and variables involved. Few studies have been performed so far and all have been limited making speculation still premature. Studies designed with the similar strictness of pharmaceutical drug development trials, performing taxa, and metabolomic analyses with standard methodologies are needed.

The potential role of interventions impacting on gut-microbiota in epilepsy

Citraro R.;Russo E.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: The gut microbiota seems to be implicated in the functioning and development of basic physiological processes and might also influence central neural processes, through the microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) axis. Pre- and clinical studies support the role of the microbiome in seizure modulation and in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Acting through different interventions (e.g. diet, supplementations, drugs) could perturb directly and indirectly the MGB axis. Investigating the effects of these interventions might possibly allow better understanding of epilepsy itself, identify biomarkers, or providing new therapeutic options. Areas covered: PubMed and Google Scholar searches were used to compile a list of relevant publications until January 2020, using data from preclinical studies and clinical trials and gut microbiome/microbiota projects. Furthermore, we evaluate the impact of the antiepileptic drugs on gut microbiota and the influence of intestinal alterations on seizures occurrence. Expert opinion: Investigating the MGB axis and the role of gut supplementation in epilepsy is challenging due to the numerous potential pathways and variables involved. Few studies have been performed so far and all have been limited making speculation still premature. Studies designed with the similar strictness of pharmaceutical drug development trials, performing taxa, and metabolomic analyses with standard methodologies are needed.
2020
diet
Epilepsy
gut-supplementations
microbiota
prebiotics
probiotics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/62839
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