The authors investigated the segregation of two polymorphisms of the α2-macroglobulin gene (A2M-I/D and A2M-Ile1000Val) in patients with sporadic AD from southern Italy. The A2M-I and A2M-Val1000 alleles were more frequent in cases than in controls, and this effect was independent from the APOE-ε4 status as well as from the age at onset of AD. Moreover, subjects carrying the A2M genotype I/I-Val/Val had a threefold increase of risk for AD. These data support a population-based susceptibility for AD linked to A2M polymorphisms.
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