Background and aims: Self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) remains a widespread tool to monitor blood glucose. The development of diabetes management systems (DMS) allows SMBG to provide additional information as time spent in target range (TIR). This study evaluates the association between HbA1c and TIR, evaluated through DMS, over 2 months, and 2 weeks. Methods and results: Type 1 (T1D) and Type 2 (T2D) insulin-treated patients with diabetes were enrolled. We used the term PIR (Points in Range) instead of TIR, since SMBG provides point-in-time glucose values rather than a continuous trend over time. PIR was calculated in 2-month and 2-week time ranges before available HbA1c measurement. One-hundred ninety-seven patients with T1D and 36 with T2D were recruited. HbA1c and PIR were inversely associated (2 months: R -0.72, 2 weeks R -0.70; p < 0.0001) in all subjects. The relationship did not change when T1D and T2D patients were analyzed separately. For every 10% change of PIR, there was a change of HbA1c by 0.4%. Conclusions: Our study, for the first time, demonstrates a significant correlation between HbA1c and PIR calculated by DMS. DMS offers additional information useful in disease management of patients with T1D and T2D performing SMBG.

Time spent in target range assessed by self-monitoring blood glucose associates with glycated hemoglobin in insulin treated patients with diabetes

Cutruzzola' A.;Irace C.;Parise M.;Gnasso A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims: Self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) remains a widespread tool to monitor blood glucose. The development of diabetes management systems (DMS) allows SMBG to provide additional information as time spent in target range (TIR). This study evaluates the association between HbA1c and TIR, evaluated through DMS, over 2 months, and 2 weeks. Methods and results: Type 1 (T1D) and Type 2 (T2D) insulin-treated patients with diabetes were enrolled. We used the term PIR (Points in Range) instead of TIR, since SMBG provides point-in-time glucose values rather than a continuous trend over time. PIR was calculated in 2-month and 2-week time ranges before available HbA1c measurement. One-hundred ninety-seven patients with T1D and 36 with T2D were recruited. HbA1c and PIR were inversely associated (2 months: R -0.72, 2 weeks R -0.70; p < 0.0001) in all subjects. The relationship did not change when T1D and T2D patients were analyzed separately. For every 10% change of PIR, there was a change of HbA1c by 0.4%. Conclusions: Our study, for the first time, demonstrates a significant correlation between HbA1c and PIR calculated by DMS. DMS offers additional information useful in disease management of patients with T1D and T2D performing SMBG.
2020
Diabetes management system
Diabetes mellitus
HbA1c
Self-monitoring of blood glucose
Time in range
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/63935
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