Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are episodes of paroxysmal impairment associated with a range of motor, sensory, and mental manifestations, which perfectly mimic epileptic seizures. Several patterns of neural abnormalities have been described without identifying a definite neurobiological substrate. In this multicenter cross-sectional study, we applied a multivariate classification algorithm on morphological brain imaging metrics to extract reliable biomarkers useful to distinguish patients from controls at an individual level. Twenty-three patients with PNES and 21 demographically matched healthy controls (HC) underwent an extensive neuropsychiatric/neuropsychological and neuroimaging assessment. One hundred and fifty morphological brain metrics were used for training a random forest (RF) machine-learning (ML) algorithm. A typical complex psychopathological construct was observed in PNES. Similarly, univariate neuroimaging analysis revealed widespread neuroanatomical changes affecting patients with PNES. Machine-learning approach, after feature selection, was able to perform an individual classification of PNES from controls with a mean accuracy of 74.5%, revealing that brain regions influencing classification accuracy were mainly localized within the limbic (posterior cingulate and insula) and motor inhibition systems (the right inferior frontal cortex (IFC)). This study provides Class II evidence that the considerable clinical and neurobiological heterogeneity observed in individuals with PNES might be overcome by ML algorithms trained on surface-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data.

The application of artificial intelligence to understand the pathophysiological basis of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures

Vasta R.;Cerasa A.;Sarica A.;Martino I.;Quattrone A.;Gambardella A.;Labate A.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are episodes of paroxysmal impairment associated with a range of motor, sensory, and mental manifestations, which perfectly mimic epileptic seizures. Several patterns of neural abnormalities have been described without identifying a definite neurobiological substrate. In this multicenter cross-sectional study, we applied a multivariate classification algorithm on morphological brain imaging metrics to extract reliable biomarkers useful to distinguish patients from controls at an individual level. Twenty-three patients with PNES and 21 demographically matched healthy controls (HC) underwent an extensive neuropsychiatric/neuropsychological and neuroimaging assessment. One hundred and fifty morphological brain metrics were used for training a random forest (RF) machine-learning (ML) algorithm. A typical complex psychopathological construct was observed in PNES. Similarly, univariate neuroimaging analysis revealed widespread neuroanatomical changes affecting patients with PNES. Machine-learning approach, after feature selection, was able to perform an individual classification of PNES from controls with a mean accuracy of 74.5%, revealing that brain regions influencing classification accuracy were mainly localized within the limbic (posterior cingulate and insula) and motor inhibition systems (the right inferior frontal cortex (IFC)). This study provides Class II evidence that the considerable clinical and neurobiological heterogeneity observed in individuals with PNES might be overcome by ML algorithms trained on surface-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data.
2018
Limbic system
Machine-learning
Motor inhibition system
PNES
Surface-based morphometry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/64257
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