Ultrasound cyclo plasty (UCP) is a recently developed surgical technique for glaucoma allowing a selective and controlled coagulation of the ciliary body. We herein investigated the long-term efficacy and safety of UCP for the treatment of glaucoma. This prospective study included patients with primary and secondary glaucoma. All surgeries were performed using the EyeOP1 device (Eye Tech Care, Rillieux-la-Pape, France). Sixty-six patients were included, and 60 completed regularly the 2-year follow-up. Preoperative IOP was 28.5 ± 9.6 mmHg and significantly decreased to 17.0 ± 5.4 at 2 years (p < 0.001). The daily number of both hypotensive eye drops and acetazolamide tablets decreased significantly (respectively, from 2.6 ± 1.1 to 1.7 ± 1.2 and from 0.7 ± 0.8 to 0.2 ± 0.5; both p < 0.001). At 2 years, 68.1% of patients met the definition of qualified success (IOP < 21 mmHg regardless of glaucoma medications) and 10.3% of patients met the definition of complete success (IOP < 21 mmHg without glaucoma medications). No major intra- or postoperative complications occurred; however, 15 eyes required additional glaucoma surgery. These results suggest that UCP is an effective and safe procedure to reduce IOP in glaucoma patients through a 2-year follow-up period.
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