Background. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have multiple comorbidities which may affect renal function. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in COPD patients. The predictors of CKD in COPD are not well investigated. Methods. A multicenter observational cohort study including patients affected by COPD (GOLD stages 1 and 2) was carried out. Principal endpoints were the incidence of CKD, as defined by an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and the rapid decline of eGFR >5 mL/min/1.73 m2/year. Results. We enrolled 707 outpatients. Overall, 157 (22.2%) patients had CKD at baseline. Patients with CKD were older, with higher serum uric acid (UA) levels, and lower FEV1. During a mean follow-up of 52.3 ± 30.2 months, 100 patients developed CKD, and 200 patients showed a rapid reduction of eGFR. Multivariable Cox regression analysis displayed that UA (hazard ratio (HR) 1.148, p < 0.0001) and diabetes (HR 1.050, p < 0.0001) were predictors of incident CKD. The independent predictors of rapidly declining renal function were represented by an increase of 1 mg/dL in UA (odds ratio (OR) 2.158, p < 0.0001)), an increase of 10 mL/min/1.73 m2 in baseline eGFR (OR 1.054, p < 0.0001) and the presence of diabetes (OR 1.100, p < 0.009). Conclusions. This study shows that COPD patients have a significant worsening of renal function over time and that UA and diabetes were the two strongest predictors. Optimal management of these risk factors may reduce the incidence of CKD in this population thus probably improving clinical outcome.

Predictors of renal function worsening in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Copd): A multicenter observational study

Pelaia C.;Armentaro G.;Miceli S.;Cassano V.;Barbara K.;Pelaia G.;Perticone M.;Violi F.;Perticone F.;Sesti G.;Sciacqua A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have multiple comorbidities which may affect renal function. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in COPD patients. The predictors of CKD in COPD are not well investigated. Methods. A multicenter observational cohort study including patients affected by COPD (GOLD stages 1 and 2) was carried out. Principal endpoints were the incidence of CKD, as defined by an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and the rapid decline of eGFR >5 mL/min/1.73 m2/year. Results. We enrolled 707 outpatients. Overall, 157 (22.2%) patients had CKD at baseline. Patients with CKD were older, with higher serum uric acid (UA) levels, and lower FEV1. During a mean follow-up of 52.3 ± 30.2 months, 100 patients developed CKD, and 200 patients showed a rapid reduction of eGFR. Multivariable Cox regression analysis displayed that UA (hazard ratio (HR) 1.148, p < 0.0001) and diabetes (HR 1.050, p < 0.0001) were predictors of incident CKD. The independent predictors of rapidly declining renal function were represented by an increase of 1 mg/dL in UA (odds ratio (OR) 2.158, p < 0.0001)), an increase of 10 mL/min/1.73 m2 in baseline eGFR (OR 1.054, p < 0.0001) and the presence of diabetes (OR 1.100, p < 0.009). Conclusions. This study shows that COPD patients have a significant worsening of renal function over time and that UA and diabetes were the two strongest predictors. Optimal management of these risk factors may reduce the incidence of CKD in this population thus probably improving clinical outcome.
2021
COPD
Diabetes
Oxidative stress
Renal failure
Uric acid
Aged
Diabetes Mellitus
Female
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Humans
Kidney
Male
Middle Aged
Oxidative Stress
Uric Acid
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/72129
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