Lower third molars (M3M) are the most frequent impacted teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between M3M position and gonial angle. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The study population included patients with unilateral or bilateral M3M and underwent Cone Beam Computed Tomography. A morphometric analysis of the mandible was performed after three-dimensional reconstruction, recording gonial angle (GA), ramus high, ramus width, ramus divergency, and retromolar space. GA was the primary predictor variable. The primary outcome variable was the position of M3M analyzed in sagittal, axial, and coronal planes. Descriptive, bivariate, and multiple regression statistics were performed (p < 0.05). Study sample included 172 patients (mean age: 26.3 ± 4.6 years); 266 M3Ms were analyzed. The average GA was 122.6◦ ± 4.8◦ . A reduced GA value was significantly associated with a deeply impacted M3M in the ramus. With a progressive decrease of GA, M3M assumed a more horizontal position closer to the mandibular canal (p < 0.05). A lower GA showed a reduced retromolar space with more complex impacted M3M (p < 0.05). The results confirm a statistically significant correlation between GA and the position of M3M. Higher incidence of impacted M3M was related to a reduction of the GA value.

Does mandibular gonial angle influence the eruption pattern of the lower third molar? A three-dimensional study

Barone S.
Conceptualization
;
Antonelli A.;Muraca D.;Bennardo F.;Giudice A.
Methodology
2021-01-01

Abstract

Lower third molars (M3M) are the most frequent impacted teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between M3M position and gonial angle. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The study population included patients with unilateral or bilateral M3M and underwent Cone Beam Computed Tomography. A morphometric analysis of the mandible was performed after three-dimensional reconstruction, recording gonial angle (GA), ramus high, ramus width, ramus divergency, and retromolar space. GA was the primary predictor variable. The primary outcome variable was the position of M3M analyzed in sagittal, axial, and coronal planes. Descriptive, bivariate, and multiple regression statistics were performed (p < 0.05). Study sample included 172 patients (mean age: 26.3 ± 4.6 years); 266 M3Ms were analyzed. The average GA was 122.6◦ ± 4.8◦ . A reduced GA value was significantly associated with a deeply impacted M3M in the ramus. With a progressive decrease of GA, M3M assumed a more horizontal position closer to the mandibular canal (p < 0.05). A lower GA showed a reduced retromolar space with more complex impacted M3M (p < 0.05). The results confirm a statistically significant correlation between GA and the position of M3M. Higher incidence of impacted M3M was related to a reduction of the GA value.
2021
Facial typology
Gonial angle
J&amp;D classification
Lower third molar
Third molar impaction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/73411
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