Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the morphometric changes in the position of the mandibular condyles before and after orthognathic surgery. Methods: A retrospective single-center cohort study was conducted and included patients with a presurgical (T1) and postsurgical (T2) Cone Beam computed tomography (CBCT). The primary predictor variable was the orthognathic surgical treatment. Pre-operative and post-operative CBCT scans were superimposed using voxel-based registration. Semitransparent overlays of the models of condylar regions at T1 and T2 were created for the qualitative analysis. The primary outcome variable was the quantitative displacement of condyles (CoR; CoL) analyzed in X, Y, Z axis and the 3D distances. Descriptive and bivariate statistical analysis was performed, setting α=0.05. Results: The study sample included 33 patients (mean age: 25.33±2.49 years) affected by skeletal class III malocclusion with or without skeletal asymmetry. The X-axis showed a mean movement of 0.25 ± 0.17 mm for CoR, and 0.52 ± 0.51 mm for CoL. The Y-axis showed a mean movement of 0.29 ± 0.2 mm for CoR, and 0.51 ± 0.8 mm for CoL. The Z-axis was 0.33 ± 0.2 mm for CoR, and 0.5 ± 0.49 mm for CoL. No statistically significant difference was calculated comparing the movement of condylar surface between asymmetric and not asymmetric patients (p = 0.26 for CoR; p = 0.13 for CoL). No statistically significant difference was found in intercondylar distance between T1 and T2 (p = 0.39). Conclusion: No statistically nor clinically significant condylar displacement are recorded in orthognathic surgery patients at 12 to 18 months of follow-up.

Qualitative and quantitative assessment of condylar displacement after orthognathic surgery: A voxel-based three-dimensional analysis

Barone S.;Muraca D.;Giudice A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the morphometric changes in the position of the mandibular condyles before and after orthognathic surgery. Methods: A retrospective single-center cohort study was conducted and included patients with a presurgical (T1) and postsurgical (T2) Cone Beam computed tomography (CBCT). The primary predictor variable was the orthognathic surgical treatment. Pre-operative and post-operative CBCT scans were superimposed using voxel-based registration. Semitransparent overlays of the models of condylar regions at T1 and T2 were created for the qualitative analysis. The primary outcome variable was the quantitative displacement of condyles (CoR; CoL) analyzed in X, Y, Z axis and the 3D distances. Descriptive and bivariate statistical analysis was performed, setting α=0.05. Results: The study sample included 33 patients (mean age: 25.33±2.49 years) affected by skeletal class III malocclusion with or without skeletal asymmetry. The X-axis showed a mean movement of 0.25 ± 0.17 mm for CoR, and 0.52 ± 0.51 mm for CoL. The Y-axis showed a mean movement of 0.29 ± 0.2 mm for CoR, and 0.51 ± 0.8 mm for CoL. The Z-axis was 0.33 ± 0.2 mm for CoR, and 0.5 ± 0.49 mm for CoL. No statistically significant difference was calculated comparing the movement of condylar surface between asymmetric and not asymmetric patients (p = 0.26 for CoR; p = 0.13 for CoL). No statistically significant difference was found in intercondylar distance between T1 and T2 (p = 0.39). Conclusion: No statistically nor clinically significant condylar displacement are recorded in orthognathic surgery patients at 12 to 18 months of follow-up.
2021
Condylar displacement
Condylar morphology
Mandibular asymmetry
Orthognathic surgery
Voxel-based registration
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/73553
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