Objective In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), "traditional" cardiovascular (CV) risk factors continue to be underdiagnosed and undertreated, thus increasing the risk of developing atherosclerosis. In this work, we evaluated the occurrence and predictive factors of "traditional" cardiovascular risk factors, with a focus on high blood pressure (HBP), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and metabolic syndrome (MetS), in participants with RA, in a 3-year, multicentre, prospective, observational study. Methods To assess the occurrence and predictive factors of HBP, T2D, and MetS, consecutive participants with RA, admitted to Italian Rheumatology Units, were evaluated in the GIRRCS (Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale) cohort, a 3-year, multicentre, prospective, observational study. Results In the present evaluation, 841 participants, who were fully followed up with 3-year of prospective follow-up were assessed. At the end of follow-up, a significant increased incidence of HBP, T2D, and MetS was recorded. Assessing predictive factors, the mean values of C-reactive protein during the follow-up were independent predictors of occurrence of those comorbidities, whereas participants maintaining remission showed a significant lower risk. Furthermore, therapy with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) reduced the risk of occurrence of T2D and MetS. Conclusion An increased incidence of HBP, T2D, and MetS was observed in assessed participants, prospectively followed-up. Furthermore, the analysis of predictive factors suggested that the rheumatoid pro-inflammatory process could increase the occurrence of these comorbidities. Conversely, metabolic and cardiovascular benefits of maintaining remission as well as of therapy with HCQ were reported.

Occurrence and predictive factors of high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis: Findings from a 3-year, multicentre, prospective, observational study

Grembiale R. D.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objective In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), "traditional" cardiovascular (CV) risk factors continue to be underdiagnosed and undertreated, thus increasing the risk of developing atherosclerosis. In this work, we evaluated the occurrence and predictive factors of "traditional" cardiovascular risk factors, with a focus on high blood pressure (HBP), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and metabolic syndrome (MetS), in participants with RA, in a 3-year, multicentre, prospective, observational study. Methods To assess the occurrence and predictive factors of HBP, T2D, and MetS, consecutive participants with RA, admitted to Italian Rheumatology Units, were evaluated in the GIRRCS (Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale) cohort, a 3-year, multicentre, prospective, observational study. Results In the present evaluation, 841 participants, who were fully followed up with 3-year of prospective follow-up were assessed. At the end of follow-up, a significant increased incidence of HBP, T2D, and MetS was recorded. Assessing predictive factors, the mean values of C-reactive protein during the follow-up were independent predictors of occurrence of those comorbidities, whereas participants maintaining remission showed a significant lower risk. Furthermore, therapy with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) reduced the risk of occurrence of T2D and MetS. Conclusion An increased incidence of HBP, T2D, and MetS was observed in assessed participants, prospectively followed-up. Furthermore, the analysis of predictive factors suggested that the rheumatoid pro-inflammatory process could increase the occurrence of these comorbidities. Conversely, metabolic and cardiovascular benefits of maintaining remission as well as of therapy with HCQ were reported.
2021
cardiovascular diseases
hypertension
metabolic syndrome
rheumatoid arthritis
type 2 diabetes mellitus
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/75950
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