The L-type amino acid transporter LAT1, involved in many biological processes including the overexpression of some tumors, is considered a potential pharmacological target. The 1,2,3-Dithiazole scaffold was predicted to inhibit LAT1 by the formation of an intermolecular disulfide bond with the thiolate group of cysteine(s). As a result of the identification of these irreversible covalent inhibitors, we decided to deeply investigate the recognition stage and the covalent interaction, characterizing the chemical structures of the selected ligands. With the aim to provide new insights into the access of the ligands to the binding pocket and to reveal the residues involved in the inhibition, we performed docking, molecular dynamics simulations, and density functional theory-based investigation of three 1,2,3-dithiazoles against LAT1. Our computational analysis further highlighted the crucial role played by water molecules in the inhibition mechanism. The results here presented are consistent with experimental observations and provide insights that can be helpful for the rational design of new-to-come LAT1's inhibitors.

Computational Study Reveals the Role of Water Molecules in the Inhibition Mechanism of LAT1 by 1,2,3-Dithiazoles

Romeo I.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The L-type amino acid transporter LAT1, involved in many biological processes including the overexpression of some tumors, is considered a potential pharmacological target. The 1,2,3-Dithiazole scaffold was predicted to inhibit LAT1 by the formation of an intermolecular disulfide bond with the thiolate group of cysteine(s). As a result of the identification of these irreversible covalent inhibitors, we decided to deeply investigate the recognition stage and the covalent interaction, characterizing the chemical structures of the selected ligands. With the aim to provide new insights into the access of the ligands to the binding pocket and to reveal the residues involved in the inhibition, we performed docking, molecular dynamics simulations, and density functional theory-based investigation of three 1,2,3-dithiazoles against LAT1. Our computational analysis further highlighted the crucial role played by water molecules in the inhibition mechanism. The results here presented are consistent with experimental observations and provide insights that can be helpful for the rational design of new-to-come LAT1's inhibitors.
2021
Cysteine
Humans
Ligands
Water
Large Neutral Amino Acid-Transporter 1
Neoplasms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/76505
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