Purpose To evaluate the feasibility of 3D anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) for the detection of corneal endothelial features in patients with Fuchs’ Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD). Methods Twenty patients with clinical diagnosis of FECD (group A), and 20 control subjects (group B) were enrolled. In all patients a complete ophthalmological examination was performed, including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp examination for subjective grading of FECD and corneal endothelial specular microscopy. A 512x128 AS-OCT cube centered on the corneal apex was performed, and then the inner surface of the cornea was visualized and analyzed individually. Results Overall, the study participants were adults (mean age was 57.35 ± 8.45 years [mean ± SD] 80% female) with a BCVA ranged from 1.3 to 0 LogMAR. The OCT analysis disclosed three different patterns of the corneal endothelium (1, 2, 3) according to the signal distribution and the level of reflectivity: a homogenous, hypo-reflective surface (pattern 1); the presence of hyper-reflective orange-yellowish points (pattern 2); and a mottled appearance with a variable number of hyper-reflective areas (pattern 3). The distributions of these morphological models in the two populations were as follows: patterns 1, 2 and 3 were observed respectively in 0%, 80%, and 20% of patients in group A, and in 80%, 20% and 0% of subjects in group B. Correlation analysis unveiled a positive relationship between OCT corneal endothelium reflectivity and the clinical severity score (assessed with biomicroscopy), as well as an inverse relationship between the OCT pattern and the integrity of corneal endothelium. Conclusion 3D AS-OCT is a useful tool in investigation of endothelial features and therefore may represent a valuable support in the setting of FECD diagnosis and staging.

Corneal endothelium features in Fuchs’ Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy: A preliminary 3D anterior segment optical coherence tomography study

Giannaccare, Giuseppe;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the feasibility of 3D anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) for the detection of corneal endothelial features in patients with Fuchs’ Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD). Methods Twenty patients with clinical diagnosis of FECD (group A), and 20 control subjects (group B) were enrolled. In all patients a complete ophthalmological examination was performed, including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp examination for subjective grading of FECD and corneal endothelial specular microscopy. A 512x128 AS-OCT cube centered on the corneal apex was performed, and then the inner surface of the cornea was visualized and analyzed individually. Results Overall, the study participants were adults (mean age was 57.35 ± 8.45 years [mean ± SD] 80% female) with a BCVA ranged from 1.3 to 0 LogMAR. The OCT analysis disclosed three different patterns of the corneal endothelium (1, 2, 3) according to the signal distribution and the level of reflectivity: a homogenous, hypo-reflective surface (pattern 1); the presence of hyper-reflective orange-yellowish points (pattern 2); and a mottled appearance with a variable number of hyper-reflective areas (pattern 3). The distributions of these morphological models in the two populations were as follows: patterns 1, 2 and 3 were observed respectively in 0%, 80%, and 20% of patients in group A, and in 80%, 20% and 0% of subjects in group B. Correlation analysis unveiled a positive relationship between OCT corneal endothelium reflectivity and the clinical severity score (assessed with biomicroscopy), as well as an inverse relationship between the OCT pattern and the integrity of corneal endothelium. Conclusion 3D AS-OCT is a useful tool in investigation of endothelial features and therefore may represent a valuable support in the setting of FECD diagnosis and staging.
2018
Biochemistry; Genetics and Molecular Biology (all); Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/7665
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