In this study, a radiomics analysis was conducted to provide insights into the differentiation of radionecrosis and tumor progression in multiparametric MRI in the context of a multicentric clinical trial. First, the sensitivity of radiomic features to the unwanted variability caused by different protocol settings was assessed for each modality. Then, the ability of image normalization and ComBat-based harmonization to reduce the scanner-related variability was evaluated. Finally, the performances of several radiomic models dedicated to the classification of MRI examinations were measured. Our results showed that using radiomic models trained on harmonized data achieved better predictive performance for the investigated clinical outcome (balanced accuracy of 0.61 with the model based on raw data and 0.72 with ComBat harmonization). A comparison of several models based on information extracted from different MR modalities showed that the best classification accuracy was achieved with a model based on MR perfusion features in conjunction with clinical observation (balanced accuracy of 0.76 using LASSO feature selection and a Random Forest classifier). Although multimodality did not provide additional benefit in predictive power, the model based on T1-weighted MRI before injection provided an accuracy close to the performance achieved with perfusion.

Radiomics-Based Detection of Radionecrosis Using Harmonized Multiparametric MRI

Umberto Sabatini;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this study, a radiomics analysis was conducted to provide insights into the differentiation of radionecrosis and tumor progression in multiparametric MRI in the context of a multicentric clinical trial. First, the sensitivity of radiomic features to the unwanted variability caused by different protocol settings was assessed for each modality. Then, the ability of image normalization and ComBat-based harmonization to reduce the scanner-related variability was evaluated. Finally, the performances of several radiomic models dedicated to the classification of MRI examinations were measured. Our results showed that using radiomic models trained on harmonized data achieved better predictive performance for the investigated clinical outcome (balanced accuracy of 0.61 with the model based on raw data and 0.72 with ComBat harmonization). A comparison of several models based on information extracted from different MR modalities showed that the best classification accuracy was achieved with a model based on MR perfusion features in conjunction with clinical observation (balanced accuracy of 0.76 using LASSO feature selection and a Random Forest classifier). Although multimodality did not provide additional benefit in predictive power, the model based on T1-weighted MRI before injection provided an accuracy close to the performance achieved with perfusion.
2022
radiomics analysis, multicenter harmonization, multiparametric MRI, radiation-induced necrosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/77306
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