Glycemic control is the mainstay of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) clinical management. De-spite the continuous improvement in knowledge and progress in terms of treatment, the achievement of the physiologic metabolic profile is still an ongoing challenge in diabetic pa-tients. Pancreatic β-cell line INS-1 832/13 was used to assess the insulin secretagogue activity of hydroxytyrosyl oleate (HtyOle) and tyrosyl oleate (TyOle), two naturally occurring lipophenols deriving from the conjugation of oleic acid (OA) and hydroxytyrosol (Hty) or tyrosol (Ty), re-spectively. The insulin secretion was determined under glucose-induced insulin secretion (GSIS) condition by ELISA method. The potential involvement of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40), also known as free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1), was investigated by both molecular docking and functional pharmacological approaches. Herein, we demonstrated that HtyOle and TyOle exerted a facilitatory activity on insulin secretion under GSIS condition. Moreover, we provided evidence that both lipophenols are natural modulators of FFAR1 receptor. From our results, the anti-diabetes properties associated with olive oil consumption can be partly ex-plained by the HtyOle and TyOle effects.

Olive oil lipophenols induce insulin secretion in 832/13 β-cell models

Maria Cristina Caroleo;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Glycemic control is the mainstay of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) clinical management. De-spite the continuous improvement in knowledge and progress in terms of treatment, the achievement of the physiologic metabolic profile is still an ongoing challenge in diabetic pa-tients. Pancreatic β-cell line INS-1 832/13 was used to assess the insulin secretagogue activity of hydroxytyrosyl oleate (HtyOle) and tyrosyl oleate (TyOle), two naturally occurring lipophenols deriving from the conjugation of oleic acid (OA) and hydroxytyrosol (Hty) or tyrosol (Ty), re-spectively. The insulin secretion was determined under glucose-induced insulin secretion (GSIS) condition by ELISA method. The potential involvement of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40), also known as free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1), was investigated by both molecular docking and functional pharmacological approaches. Herein, we demonstrated that HtyOle and TyOle exerted a facilitatory activity on insulin secretion under GSIS condition. Moreover, we provided evidence that both lipophenols are natural modulators of FFAR1 receptor. From our results, the anti-diabetes properties associated with olive oil consumption can be partly ex-plained by the HtyOle and TyOle effects.
2021
Lipophenols
FFAR1
GSIS
Insulin secretion
Hydroxytyrosol
Tyrosol
Polyphenol
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/78024
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