The long-term and immediate galvanotactic responses of Amoeba proteus to the direct current electric fields (dcEFs) were studied with the methods of computer-aided image analysis. It was found that in contrast to earlier reports, amoebae continued locomotion towards cathode (the negative pole) for hours and the increase in the field strength in the range 300-600 mV/mm caused the straightening of cell trajectories accompanied by the decreased frequency of the lateral pseudopods formation and lesser change in the speed of cell movement. In the cell regions pointing to the anode, the formation of new pseudopodia was prevented and the higher cEFs strength the more extended were the regions in which formation of new pseudopods was inhibited. Replacement of calcium with magnesium in the extracellular medium reduced the galvanotactic cell responses. Research on the localisation and kinetics of the primary cell responses to the dcEF or to change in its direction revealed that the primary cell responses occurred at the anode oriented cell regions. The cell response to the field reversal appeared to be localised and to take place in less than 1 sec. First the retraction and withdrawal of the anode-directed pseudopodium was observed whereas the uroid (cell tail) moved for 10-40 sec in the original direction before it begun to react to the field reversal. The exposure of amoebae to the dcEFs sensitised them to the reversion in the field direction and induced an acceleration of cell responses. The results presented are difficult to reconcile with the attempt to explain the cell galvanotaxis as a consequence of the membrane protein lateral electrophoresis or electroosmosis. It is suggested that the lateral electrophoresis of ions and the modification of ionic conditions at the vicinity of ion channels may be involved in the induction of fast responses of cells to external dcEFs

Immediate and long-term galvanotactic responses of Amoeba proteus to dc electric fields

JANDA E;
2000-01-01

Abstract

The long-term and immediate galvanotactic responses of Amoeba proteus to the direct current electric fields (dcEFs) were studied with the methods of computer-aided image analysis. It was found that in contrast to earlier reports, amoebae continued locomotion towards cathode (the negative pole) for hours and the increase in the field strength in the range 300-600 mV/mm caused the straightening of cell trajectories accompanied by the decreased frequency of the lateral pseudopods formation and lesser change in the speed of cell movement. In the cell regions pointing to the anode, the formation of new pseudopodia was prevented and the higher cEFs strength the more extended were the regions in which formation of new pseudopods was inhibited. Replacement of calcium with magnesium in the extracellular medium reduced the galvanotactic cell responses. Research on the localisation and kinetics of the primary cell responses to the dcEF or to change in its direction revealed that the primary cell responses occurred at the anode oriented cell regions. The cell response to the field reversal appeared to be localised and to take place in less than 1 sec. First the retraction and withdrawal of the anode-directed pseudopodium was observed whereas the uroid (cell tail) moved for 10-40 sec in the original direction before it begun to react to the field reversal. The exposure of amoebae to the dcEFs sensitised them to the reversion in the field direction and induced an acceleration of cell responses. The results presented are difficult to reconcile with the attempt to explain the cell galvanotaxis as a consequence of the membrane protein lateral electrophoresis or electroosmosis. It is suggested that the lateral electrophoresis of ions and the modification of ionic conditions at the vicinity of ion channels may be involved in the induction of fast responses of cells to external dcEFs
2000
electrotaxis; movement; image analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/8014
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