Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory, itching skin with a significant psychosocial impact on patients and relatives. In adults and adolescents besides flexural eczema, head and neck eczema and hand eczema, which are the most frequent clinical phenotypes (84.9% and 84.2%, respectively), there are also other possible presentation such us portrait-like dermatitis (20.1%), diffuse eczema (6.5%), eczema nummulare-like (5.8%), prurigo nodularis-like (2.1%) and erythrodermia (0.7%) Diagnosis can be easy due to the typically distributed eczematous lesions, albeit with age-related differences, However, it is also extremely heterogeneous in severity, course, and sometimes particular clinical features. Currently, there are no better diagnostic criteria than an experienced dermatologist for the diagnosis of AD. Misdiagnosis and delayed treatment will have an impact not only on the child's physical health, but also and especially on the child's psychological health. The aim of our review was to group the main differential diagnoses in pediatric age where the diagnosis can often hide many pitfalls This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Children atopic dermatitis: diagnosis, mimics, overlaps and therapeutic implication

Patruno, Cataldo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory, itching skin with a significant psychosocial impact on patients and relatives. In adults and adolescents besides flexural eczema, head and neck eczema and hand eczema, which are the most frequent clinical phenotypes (84.9% and 84.2%, respectively), there are also other possible presentation such us portrait-like dermatitis (20.1%), diffuse eczema (6.5%), eczema nummulare-like (5.8%), prurigo nodularis-like (2.1%) and erythrodermia (0.7%) Diagnosis can be easy due to the typically distributed eczematous lesions, albeit with age-related differences, However, it is also extremely heterogeneous in severity, course, and sometimes particular clinical features. Currently, there are no better diagnostic criteria than an experienced dermatologist for the diagnosis of AD. Misdiagnosis and delayed treatment will have an impact not only on the child's physical health, but also and especially on the child's psychological health. The aim of our review was to group the main differential diagnoses in pediatric age where the diagnosis can often hide many pitfalls This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/80146
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact