In children, motor competence (MC) and the amount of physical activity are tightly interconnected. In adults with Down syndrome (DS), MC has been poorly addressed, resulting in a limited understanding of the possibility to improve MC over time. Here, we aim to: (1) investigate MC in adults with DS by comparing them with a group of typically developed peers and (2) verify the effect of an adapted karate program on MC. Adults with DS (DSG; n = 57) and typically developed adults (TDG; n = 21) performed the Test of Gross Motor Development version 3 (TGMD-3). The total TGMD-3 score ((TOT)TGMD-3), the locomotor ((LOC)TGMD-3), and object control ((OBJ)TGMD-3) scores were computed. After a 40 week adapted karate program, DSG (n = 37) underwent the post-training TGMD-3 assessment. Compared to TDG, DSG showed lower (TOT)TGMD-3 (DSG: 45.5 +/- 17.3; TDG: 77.3 +/- 9.5), (LOC)TGMD-3 (DSG: 22.2 +/- 10.0; TDG: 36.2 +/- 7.6) and (OBJ)TGMD-3 (DSG: 23.3 +/- 10.9; TDG: 41.1 +/- 5.6). After the training, (TOT)TGMD-3, (LOC)TGMD-3 and (OBJ)TGMD-3 increased by 35.6%, 30.0% and 40.7%, respectively. Our results suggest that MC acquisition does not evolve into a mature form in adulthood in individuals with DS. Moreover, a brief exposure to an adapted karate program induces an increase in motor competence in DS, even in adulthood.

Motor Competence in Individuals with Down Syndrome: Is an Improvement Still Possible in Adulthood?

Quinzi, Federico
;
Vannozzi, Giuseppe
;
Piacentini, Maria Francesca;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In children, motor competence (MC) and the amount of physical activity are tightly interconnected. In adults with Down syndrome (DS), MC has been poorly addressed, resulting in a limited understanding of the possibility to improve MC over time. Here, we aim to: (1) investigate MC in adults with DS by comparing them with a group of typically developed peers and (2) verify the effect of an adapted karate program on MC. Adults with DS (DSG; n = 57) and typically developed adults (TDG; n = 21) performed the Test of Gross Motor Development version 3 (TGMD-3). The total TGMD-3 score ((TOT)TGMD-3), the locomotor ((LOC)TGMD-3), and object control ((OBJ)TGMD-3) scores were computed. After a 40 week adapted karate program, DSG (n = 37) underwent the post-training TGMD-3 assessment. Compared to TDG, DSG showed lower (TOT)TGMD-3 (DSG: 45.5 +/- 17.3; TDG: 77.3 +/- 9.5), (LOC)TGMD-3 (DSG: 22.2 +/- 10.0; TDG: 36.2 +/- 7.6) and (OBJ)TGMD-3 (DSG: 23.3 +/- 10.9; TDG: 41.1 +/- 5.6). After the training, (TOT)TGMD-3, (LOC)TGMD-3 and (OBJ)TGMD-3 increased by 35.6%, 30.0% and 40.7%, respectively. Our results suggest that MC acquisition does not evolve into a mature form in adulthood in individuals with DS. Moreover, a brief exposure to an adapted karate program induces an increase in motor competence in DS, even in adulthood.
2022
TGMD-3
adapted training
karate
motor development
physical activity
skill assessment
Adaptation, Physiological
Adult
Child
Humans
Motor Skills
Down Syndrome
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/81211
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