This study aimed at investigating two aspects of neuromuscular control around the hip and knee joint while executing the roundhouse kick (RK) using two techniques: Impact RK (IRK) at trunk level and No-Impact RK at face level (NIRK). The influence of technical skill level was also investigated by comparing two groups: elite Karateka and Amateurs. Surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals have been recorded from the Vastus Lateralis (VL), Biceps Femoris (BF), Rectus Femoris (RF), Gluteus Maximum (GM) and Gastrocnemious (GA) muscles of the kicking leg in six Karateka and six Amateurs performing the RKs. Hip and knee kinematics were also assessed. EMG data were rectified, filtered and normalized to the maximal value obtained for each muscle over all trials; co-activation (CI) indexes of antagonist vs. overall (agonist and antagonist) activity were computed for hip and knee flexion and extension. Muscle Fiber Conduction Velocity (CV) obtained from VL and BF muscles was assessed as well. The effect of group and kick on angular velocity, CIs, and CVs was tested through a two-way ANOVA (p < 0.05). An effect of group was showed in both kicks. Karateka presented higher knee and hip angular velocity; higher BF-CV (IRK: 5.1 +/- 1.0 vs. 3.5 +/- 0.5 m/s; NIRK: 5.7 +/- 1.3 vs. 4.1 +/- 0.5 m/s), higher CIs for hip movements and knee flexion and lower CI for knee extension. The results obtained suggest the presence of a skill-dependent activation strategy in the execution of the two kicks. CV results are suggestive of an improved ability of elite Karateka to recruit fast MUs as a part of training induced neuromuscular adaptation. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Differences in neuromuscular control between impact and no impact roundhouse kick in athletes of different skill levels

Quinzi, Federico
;
2013-01-01

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating two aspects of neuromuscular control around the hip and knee joint while executing the roundhouse kick (RK) using two techniques: Impact RK (IRK) at trunk level and No-Impact RK at face level (NIRK). The influence of technical skill level was also investigated by comparing two groups: elite Karateka and Amateurs. Surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals have been recorded from the Vastus Lateralis (VL), Biceps Femoris (BF), Rectus Femoris (RF), Gluteus Maximum (GM) and Gastrocnemious (GA) muscles of the kicking leg in six Karateka and six Amateurs performing the RKs. Hip and knee kinematics were also assessed. EMG data were rectified, filtered and normalized to the maximal value obtained for each muscle over all trials; co-activation (CI) indexes of antagonist vs. overall (agonist and antagonist) activity were computed for hip and knee flexion and extension. Muscle Fiber Conduction Velocity (CV) obtained from VL and BF muscles was assessed as well. The effect of group and kick on angular velocity, CIs, and CVs was tested through a two-way ANOVA (p < 0.05). An effect of group was showed in both kicks. Karateka presented higher knee and hip angular velocity; higher BF-CV (IRK: 5.1 +/- 1.0 vs. 3.5 +/- 0.5 m/s; NIRK: 5.7 +/- 1.3 vs. 4.1 +/- 0.5 m/s), higher CIs for hip movements and knee flexion and lower CI for knee extension. The results obtained suggest the presence of a skill-dependent activation strategy in the execution of the two kicks. CV results are suggestive of an improved ability of elite Karateka to recruit fast MUs as a part of training induced neuromuscular adaptation. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2013
Karate
Roundhouse kick
Muscle fiber conduction velocity
EMG
Kinematics
Athletic Performance
Feedback, Physiological
Hip Joint
Humans
Knee Joint
Male
Martial Arts
Muscle Contraction
Muscle, Skeletal
Young Adult
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/81284
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