Already used for the treatment of some allergic and inflammatory diseases, such as asthma or atopic dermatitis, dupilumab has also been approved as add-on therapy for patients with CRSwNP, and it could represent the keystone to reducing the remission time as well as to improve healing and quality of life. On the other hand, the role of miRNAs as potential biomarkers of immune modulation is emerging. We analyzed the effects of a short-time treatment with dupilumab in patients with CRSwNP, analyzing the immune response modification as well as miRNAs modulations. First, in this early observation stage, all patients experienced remarkable improvement and were clinically stable. Indeed, we observed a significant decrease in CD4+ T cells and a significant reduction in total IgE (p < 0.05) and serum IL-8 levels (p < 0.01), indicating a reduction in the general inflammatory condition. In addition, we analyzed a panel of about 200 circulating miRNAs. After treatment, we noted a significant downregulation of hsa-mir-25-3p (p-value = 0.02415) and hsa-mir-185-5p (p-value = 0.04547), two miRNAs involved in the proliferation, inflammation, and dug-resistance, in accordance with the clinical status of patients. All these preliminary data aimed to identify new biomarkers of prognosis, identifiable with non-invasive procedures for patients. Further, these patients are still under observation, and others with different levels of responsiveness to treatment need to be enrolled to increase the statistical data.

Spotlight on a Short-Time Treatment with the IL-4/IL-13 Receptor Blocker in Patients with CRSwNP: microRNAs Modulations and Preliminary Clinical Evidence

Mimmi, Selena;Lombardo, Nicola;Maisano, Domenico
;
Pelaia, Corrado;Pelaia, Girolamo;Greco, Marta;Foti, Daniela;Dattilo, Vincenzo;Iaccino, Enrico
2022-01-01

Abstract

Already used for the treatment of some allergic and inflammatory diseases, such as asthma or atopic dermatitis, dupilumab has also been approved as add-on therapy for patients with CRSwNP, and it could represent the keystone to reducing the remission time as well as to improve healing and quality of life. On the other hand, the role of miRNAs as potential biomarkers of immune modulation is emerging. We analyzed the effects of a short-time treatment with dupilumab in patients with CRSwNP, analyzing the immune response modification as well as miRNAs modulations. First, in this early observation stage, all patients experienced remarkable improvement and were clinically stable. Indeed, we observed a significant decrease in CD4+ T cells and a significant reduction in total IgE (p < 0.05) and serum IL-8 levels (p < 0.01), indicating a reduction in the general inflammatory condition. In addition, we analyzed a panel of about 200 circulating miRNAs. After treatment, we noted a significant downregulation of hsa-mir-25-3p (p-value = 0.02415) and hsa-mir-185-5p (p-value = 0.04547), two miRNAs involved in the proliferation, inflammation, and dug-resistance, in accordance with the clinical status of patients. All these preliminary data aimed to identify new biomarkers of prognosis, identifiable with non-invasive procedures for patients. Further, these patients are still under observation, and others with different levels of responsiveness to treatment need to be enrolled to increase the statistical data.
2022
miRNAs
antibody therapeutics
anti-IL-4/IL-13 receptor
dupilumab
nasal polyposis
interleukins
T cells
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/81869
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact