Aims: Hemoglobin glycation index (HGI), which is the difference between the observed value of HbA1 and the predicted HbA1c based on plasma glucose levels, represents a measure of the degree of non-enzymatic glycation of hemoglobin and it has been found to be positively associated with diabetic complications. Herein we investigated whether HGI is associated with hepatic steatosis and related biomarkers in subjects without diabetes. Methods: 1120 White individuals without diabetes were stratified in quartiles according to HGI levels. Hepatic steatosis was diagnosed by ultrasonography. Results: As compared with subjects in the lowest quartile of HGI those in the intermediate and high HGI groups displayed an unfavorable cardio-metabolic risk profile having significantly higher values of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, % fat mass, total cholesterol, triglycerides, inflammatory markers such as high sensitivity C reactive protein, erythrocytes sedimentation rate, complement C3, platelets and white blood cell count, hepatic insulin resistance assessed by the liver IR index and lower concentrations of high-density lipoprotein. HGI was positively associated with the biomarker of liver damage alanine aminotransferase, and fatty liver index, an indicator of hepatic steatosis. In a logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender and BMI individuals in the highest quartile of HGI exhibited a 1.6-fold increased odd of having hepatic steatosis (95% CI: 1.03-2.41; p=0.03) as compared with subjects in the lowest quartile of HGI. Conclusions: Higher levels of HGI may identify subjects without diabetes at increased risk of having hepatic steatosis.

Association between hemoglobin glycation index and hepatic steatosis in non-diabetic individuals

Succurro, Elena;Andreozzi, Francesco;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Aims: Hemoglobin glycation index (HGI), which is the difference between the observed value of HbA1 and the predicted HbA1c based on plasma glucose levels, represents a measure of the degree of non-enzymatic glycation of hemoglobin and it has been found to be positively associated with diabetic complications. Herein we investigated whether HGI is associated with hepatic steatosis and related biomarkers in subjects without diabetes. Methods: 1120 White individuals without diabetes were stratified in quartiles according to HGI levels. Hepatic steatosis was diagnosed by ultrasonography. Results: As compared with subjects in the lowest quartile of HGI those in the intermediate and high HGI groups displayed an unfavorable cardio-metabolic risk profile having significantly higher values of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, % fat mass, total cholesterol, triglycerides, inflammatory markers such as high sensitivity C reactive protein, erythrocytes sedimentation rate, complement C3, platelets and white blood cell count, hepatic insulin resistance assessed by the liver IR index and lower concentrations of high-density lipoprotein. HGI was positively associated with the biomarker of liver damage alanine aminotransferase, and fatty liver index, an indicator of hepatic steatosis. In a logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender and BMI individuals in the highest quartile of HGI exhibited a 1.6-fold increased odd of having hepatic steatosis (95% CI: 1.03-2.41; p=0.03) as compared with subjects in the lowest quartile of HGI. Conclusions: Higher levels of HGI may identify subjects without diabetes at increased risk of having hepatic steatosis.
2017
Hemoglobin glycation index
Hepatic steatosis
Non-enzymatic protein glycation
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/82623
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