Background: Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) interferes with immune responses. Host immune response against Helicobacter pylori is involved in the persistence of the infection and its related diseases. Aim: To investigate the role of IDO in the regulation of Th1/Th2 and Th17 pathways in H. pylori infection. Methods: Gastric biopsy samples were taken from 42 patients who underwent endoscopy and evaluated for the expression of IDO by Western blotting. Gastritis was assessed by the Sydney system score. In a subgroup of patients, biopsies were treated with the IDO inhibitor 1-methyl-L-tryptophan and the expression of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) mRNA and that of T-bet, interleukin-17 (IL-17), and IL-4 determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results: IDO expression was found to be enhanced (p = .001) in gastric biopsies from H. pylori-infected (n = 18) compared with uninfected (n = 24) patients. Levels of IDO expression were inversely related to the gastritis score (r = -.684, p = .002) in H. pylori-infected gastric mucosa, but not in uninfected mucosa. In gastric biopsy cultures, IDO inhibition increased the expression of IFN-γ mRNA (p = .014), T-bet (p = .045), and IL-17 (p = .02) while decreasing that of IL-4 (p = .048). Conclusions: In H. pylori-infected human gastric mucosa, an enhanced expression of IDO is capable of modulating Th1/Th2 and Th17 pathways. This mechanism lowers gastric inflammation, possibly contributing to the persistence of H. pylori. Targeting the IDO pathway may be a new strategy for modulating H. pylori-induced mucosal immune response.

Enhanced expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in Helicobacter pylori-infected human gastric mucosa modulates Th1/Th2 pathway and interleukin 17 production

Tiziana Larussa;Isabella Leone;Evelina Suraci;Immacolata Nazionale;Teresa Procopio;Ludovico Abenavoli;Francesco Luzza
2015-01-01

Abstract

Background: Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) interferes with immune responses. Host immune response against Helicobacter pylori is involved in the persistence of the infection and its related diseases. Aim: To investigate the role of IDO in the regulation of Th1/Th2 and Th17 pathways in H. pylori infection. Methods: Gastric biopsy samples were taken from 42 patients who underwent endoscopy and evaluated for the expression of IDO by Western blotting. Gastritis was assessed by the Sydney system score. In a subgroup of patients, biopsies were treated with the IDO inhibitor 1-methyl-L-tryptophan and the expression of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) mRNA and that of T-bet, interleukin-17 (IL-17), and IL-4 determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results: IDO expression was found to be enhanced (p = .001) in gastric biopsies from H. pylori-infected (n = 18) compared with uninfected (n = 24) patients. Levels of IDO expression were inversely related to the gastritis score (r = -.684, p = .002) in H. pylori-infected gastric mucosa, but not in uninfected mucosa. In gastric biopsy cultures, IDO inhibition increased the expression of IFN-γ mRNA (p = .014), T-bet (p = .045), and IL-17 (p = .02) while decreasing that of IL-4 (p = .048). Conclusions: In H. pylori-infected human gastric mucosa, an enhanced expression of IDO is capable of modulating Th1/Th2 and Th17 pathways. This mechanism lowers gastric inflammation, possibly contributing to the persistence of H. pylori. Targeting the IDO pathway may be a new strategy for modulating H. pylori-induced mucosal immune response.
2015
H. pylori-associated gastritis; Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase; Interferon-γ; Interleukin-4; Mucosal immunity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/82699
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