Enterobacteriaceae are a large family of Gram-negative bacteria that includes both commensals and opportunistic pathogens. The latter can cause severe nosocomial infections, with outbreaks of multi-antibiotics resistant strains, thus being a major public health threat. In this study, we report that Enterobacteriaceae-reactive memory Th cells were highly enriched in a CCR6+CXCR3+ Th1*/17 cell subset and produced IFN-γ, IL-17A, and IL-22. This T cell subset was severely reduced in septic patients with K. pneumoniae bloodstream infection who also selectively lacked circulating K. pneumonie-reactive T cells. By combining heterologous antigenic stimulation, single cell cloning and TCR Vβ sequencing, we demonstrate that a large fraction of memory Th cell clones was broadly cross-reactive to several Enterobacteriaceae species. These cross-reactive Th cell clones were expanded in vivo and a large fraction of them recognized the conserved outer membrane protein A antigen. Interestingly, Enterobacteriaceae broadly cross-reactive T cells were also prominent among in vitro primed naïve T cells. Collectively, these data point to the existence of immunodominant T cell epitopes shared among different Enterobacteriaceae species and targeted by cross-reactive T cells that are readily found in the pre-immune repertoire and are clonally expanded in the memory repertoire.

Broadly reactive human CD4+ T cells against Enterobacteriaceae are found in the naïve repertoire and are clonally expanded in the memory repertoire

Russo A.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Enterobacteriaceae are a large family of Gram-negative bacteria that includes both commensals and opportunistic pathogens. The latter can cause severe nosocomial infections, with outbreaks of multi-antibiotics resistant strains, thus being a major public health threat. In this study, we report that Enterobacteriaceae-reactive memory Th cells were highly enriched in a CCR6+CXCR3+ Th1*/17 cell subset and produced IFN-γ, IL-17A, and IL-22. This T cell subset was severely reduced in septic patients with K. pneumoniae bloodstream infection who also selectively lacked circulating K. pneumonie-reactive T cells. By combining heterologous antigenic stimulation, single cell cloning and TCR Vβ sequencing, we demonstrate that a large fraction of memory Th cell clones was broadly cross-reactive to several Enterobacteriaceae species. These cross-reactive Th cell clones were expanded in vivo and a large fraction of them recognized the conserved outer membrane protein A antigen. Interestingly, Enterobacteriaceae broadly cross-reactive T cells were also prominent among in vitro primed naïve T cells. Collectively, these data point to the existence of immunodominant T cell epitopes shared among different Enterobacteriaceae species and targeted by cross-reactive T cells that are readily found in the pre-immune repertoire and are clonally expanded in the memory repertoire.
2021
cross-reactivity
Enterobacteriaceae
human memory T cells
human naïve T cells
Th1*/17
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/84121
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