Pharmacokinetic studies of daptomycin in septic patients indicate that pharmacokinetic parameters may be altered. The purpose of this clinical investigation is to determine the pharmacokinetics of daptomycin in a population of hospitalized patients with clinically significant gram-positive infections and receiving daptomycin. Daptomycin was measured using an isocratic HPLC technique. Thirty-five patients suffering from gram-positive severe infections and receiving daptomycin were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups, depending on the dose of daptomycin received: group A, including 24 patients receiving 6 mg/kg/day daptomycin and group B, 11 patients receiving 8 mg/kg/day. Patients receiving a daptomycin dosage of 8 mg/kg/day had significantly higher values of mean C max and AUC0-24. Each group was further divided into three subgroups, according to the creatinine clearance (CrCl) values: (1) patients with a CrCl >80 ml/min, (2) patients with CrCl ranging between 80 and 40 ml/min, and (3) patients with CrCl <40 ml/min. Compared to patients with normal renal function, those with CrCl <40 ml/min had higher mean values of minimum concentration (C min) (p < 0.001), AUC0-24 (p = 0.03), and prolonged plasma half-time (p < 0.001). These differences were present both in patients receiving 6 and those with 8 mg/kg/day. However, in each of the three subgroups with different degrees of renal function a marked variability of pharmacokinetics parameters was observed. The factors associated with increased mortality were an infection acquired in the ICU, hypoalbuminemia, and AUC/MIC <666. The marked variability that characterizes daptomycin pharmacokinetics in these patients suggest the monitoring of the main pharmacokinetic parameters in this clinical setting. © 2013 Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases.

Variability of pharmacokinetic parameters in patients receiving different dosages of daptomycin: Is therapeutic drug monitoring necessary?

Russo A.;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Pharmacokinetic studies of daptomycin in septic patients indicate that pharmacokinetic parameters may be altered. The purpose of this clinical investigation is to determine the pharmacokinetics of daptomycin in a population of hospitalized patients with clinically significant gram-positive infections and receiving daptomycin. Daptomycin was measured using an isocratic HPLC technique. Thirty-five patients suffering from gram-positive severe infections and receiving daptomycin were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups, depending on the dose of daptomycin received: group A, including 24 patients receiving 6 mg/kg/day daptomycin and group B, 11 patients receiving 8 mg/kg/day. Patients receiving a daptomycin dosage of 8 mg/kg/day had significantly higher values of mean C max and AUC0-24. Each group was further divided into three subgroups, according to the creatinine clearance (CrCl) values: (1) patients with a CrCl >80 ml/min, (2) patients with CrCl ranging between 80 and 40 ml/min, and (3) patients with CrCl <40 ml/min. Compared to patients with normal renal function, those with CrCl <40 ml/min had higher mean values of minimum concentration (C min) (p < 0.001), AUC0-24 (p = 0.03), and prolonged plasma half-time (p < 0.001). These differences were present both in patients receiving 6 and those with 8 mg/kg/day. However, in each of the three subgroups with different degrees of renal function a marked variability of pharmacokinetics parameters was observed. The factors associated with increased mortality were an infection acquired in the ICU, hypoalbuminemia, and AUC/MIC <666. The marked variability that characterizes daptomycin pharmacokinetics in these patients suggest the monitoring of the main pharmacokinetic parameters in this clinical setting. © 2013 Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases.
2013
AUC/MIC
Daptomycin
Pharmacokinetic
Staphylococcal infections
Therapeutic drug monitoring
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/84126
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