Objective Prior evidence indicates that individuals with obesity have an accelerated intestinal glucose absorption. This cross-sectional study evaluated whether those with overweight or obesity display higher duodenal protein levels of the glucose carriers sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT-1), glucose transporter 2 (GLUT-2), and glucose transporter 5 (GLUT-5). Methods SGLT-1, GLUT-2, and GLUT-5 protein levels were assessed on duodenal mucosa biopsies of 52 individuals without diabetes categorized on the basis of their BMI as lean, with overweight, or with obesity. Results Individuals with overweight and obesity exhibited progressively increased duodenal protein levels of SGLT-1 and GLUT-5 as compared with the lean group. Conversely, no differences in duodenal GLUT-2 abundance were found among the three groups. Univariate analysis showed that SGLT-1 and GLUT-5 protein levels were positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, 1-hour post-load glucose, fasting and post-load insulin, and insulin secretion and resistance levels. Furthermore, a positive relationship was detected between intestinal GLUT-5 levels and serum uric acid concentrations, a product of fructose metabolism known to be involved in the pathogenesis of obesity and its complications. Conclusions Individuals with overweight and obesity display enhanced duodenal SGLT-1 and GLUT-5 abundance, which correlates with increased postprandial glucose concentrations, insulin resistance, and hyperinsulinemia.

Obesity and overweight are linked to increased sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 and glucose transporter 5 levels in duodenum

Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino;Francesca De Vito;Evelina Suraci;Marta Letizia Hribal;Francesco Luzza;Giorgio Sesti
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective Prior evidence indicates that individuals with obesity have an accelerated intestinal glucose absorption. This cross-sectional study evaluated whether those with overweight or obesity display higher duodenal protein levels of the glucose carriers sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT-1), glucose transporter 2 (GLUT-2), and glucose transporter 5 (GLUT-5). Methods SGLT-1, GLUT-2, and GLUT-5 protein levels were assessed on duodenal mucosa biopsies of 52 individuals without diabetes categorized on the basis of their BMI as lean, with overweight, or with obesity. Results Individuals with overweight and obesity exhibited progressively increased duodenal protein levels of SGLT-1 and GLUT-5 as compared with the lean group. Conversely, no differences in duodenal GLUT-2 abundance were found among the three groups. Univariate analysis showed that SGLT-1 and GLUT-5 protein levels were positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, 1-hour post-load glucose, fasting and post-load insulin, and insulin secretion and resistance levels. Furthermore, a positive relationship was detected between intestinal GLUT-5 levels and serum uric acid concentrations, a product of fructose metabolism known to be involved in the pathogenesis of obesity and its complications. Conclusions Individuals with overweight and obesity display enhanced duodenal SGLT-1 and GLUT-5 abundance, which correlates with increased postprandial glucose concentrations, insulin resistance, and hyperinsulinemia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/84498
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