Objectives: To evaluate the association between maxillary dental arch transverse dimensions, palatal depths, palatal area and volume with buccally displaced canine (BDC) in mixed dentition subjects when compared to non-BDC subjects using laser scanner 3D technology.Materials and methods: Sixty Caucasian subjects, 8-11 years of age (mean, 9.26 +/- 1.48 years), were included. In each group (BDC and non-BDC) 30 children were matched. Digital dental casts were obtained using a 3 Shape D700 laser scanner. Intercanine and intermolar widths (cusp and gingival levels), anterior and posterior palatal depth (cusp level), palatal surface area and volume were measured. An independent sample Student's t-test and an ANOVA were undertaken with significance level set as P < 0.05.Results: Intercanine widths at the cusp (1.76 mm; P = 0.020) and the gingival level (1.6 mm; P = 0.006), palatal area (133 mm(2); P = 0.021) and volume (790 mm(3); P = 0.046) were significantly lower in the BDC compared to the control group.Limitations: A smaller part of the subjects was in late mixed dentition phase. To overcome this limitation a matched control group was used. Some subjects did not have some teeth because of the transition phase which might have had an influence on the dental measurements. However, these subjects were not excluded to avoid introducing a bias.Conclusions: 3D evaluation of the maxillary arch and palate highlighted significant differences between BDC and non-BDC mixed dentition subjects. Maxillary dental arch dimensions and palate morphology may allow early identification and prevention of maxillary canine impaction.

Association between 3D palatal morphology and upper arch dimensions in buccally displaced maxillary canines early in mixed dentition

Ferrillo, Martina;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the association between maxillary dental arch transverse dimensions, palatal depths, palatal area and volume with buccally displaced canine (BDC) in mixed dentition subjects when compared to non-BDC subjects using laser scanner 3D technology.Materials and methods: Sixty Caucasian subjects, 8-11 years of age (mean, 9.26 +/- 1.48 years), were included. In each group (BDC and non-BDC) 30 children were matched. Digital dental casts were obtained using a 3 Shape D700 laser scanner. Intercanine and intermolar widths (cusp and gingival levels), anterior and posterior palatal depth (cusp level), palatal surface area and volume were measured. An independent sample Student's t-test and an ANOVA were undertaken with significance level set as P < 0.05.Results: Intercanine widths at the cusp (1.76 mm; P = 0.020) and the gingival level (1.6 mm; P = 0.006), palatal area (133 mm(2); P = 0.021) and volume (790 mm(3); P = 0.046) were significantly lower in the BDC compared to the control group.Limitations: A smaller part of the subjects was in late mixed dentition phase. To overcome this limitation a matched control group was used. Some subjects did not have some teeth because of the transition phase which might have had an influence on the dental measurements. However, these subjects were not excluded to avoid introducing a bias.Conclusions: 3D evaluation of the maxillary arch and palate highlighted significant differences between BDC and non-BDC mixed dentition subjects. Maxillary dental arch dimensions and palate morphology may allow early identification and prevention of maxillary canine impaction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/84663
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