Background: Massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears, if left untreated, may result in cuff tear arthropathy, which causes shoulder disability and pain. The primary outcome of this systematic review was to evaluate differences in functional outcomes between the arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) and latissimus dorsi tendon transfer (LDTT) for the treatment of massive, irrepa-rable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears without arthritis. The secondary outcome was to compare complication and reoperation rates between the 2 surgical procedures.Methods: The PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Central databases were searched using keywords, and 20 studies were included in this review. Data extracted for quantitative analysis included the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, the Con-stant-Murley score, the subjective shoulder value, the range of motion, the visual analog scale for pain, numbers and types of compli-cations, and reoperation rate. The preoperative fatty degeneration of the muscles and the preoperative and follow-up acromiohumeral distance and glenohumeral osteoarthritis according to the Hamada grading system were also reported.Results: A total of 1112 patients were identified, among whom 407 and 399 underwent SCR and LDTT, respectively. The SCR group showed a higher mean age at the time of operation (64.5 +/- 7.8 vs. 62.1 +/- 8.9 years; P < .001). The SCR group showed a lower rate of previous surgical procedures on the shoulder (35 out of 407 vs. 111 out of 399; P < .001) and a shorter mean follow-up (30.4 +/- 7.5 vs. 36.3 +/- 10.3 months; P < .001). Patients who underwent SCR reported significantly better functionality and residual pain as measured by the Constant-Murley score (75.5 +/- 11.2 vs. 65.6 +/- 22.8, P < .001), the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score (84.3 +/- 13 vs. 67.7 +/- 23, P <.001), the subjective shoulder value (79.4 +/- 13 vs. 64.4 +/- 23, P <.001), and the visual analog scale (1.4 +/- 2 vs. 2.8 +/- 3, P < .001) than patients who underwent LDTT. A greater acromiohumeral distance (5.8 +/- 2.5 vs. 7.6 +/- 2.7, P < .001) was found in the SCR group. The SCR group showed a significantly lower infection rate (0.2% vs. 2.8%., P =.003) and a higher graft failure rate (12.3% vs. 6.8%, P = .012). No differences in terms of reoperation for graft failure (1% vs. 2.3% for SCR and LDTT, respectively; P = .172) or for conversion to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (1.7% vs. 2% for SCR and LDTT, respectively; P = .800) were found.Conclusion: Patients undergoing SCR report better functional outcomes and greater acromiohumeral distance than those undergoing LDTT. The LDTT group shows a significantly higher infection rate, while the SCR group shows a significantly higher graft failure rate, but there are no differences in terms of reoperation between the 2 surgical procedures.Level of evidence: Level IV; Systematic Review (c) 2022 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.

Better functional outcomes and a lower infection rate can be expected after superior capsular reconstruction in comparison with latissimus dorsi tendon transfer for massive, irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears: a systematic review

Mercurio, Michele;Castioni, Davide;Cofano, Erminia;Familiari, Filippo;Gasparini, Giorgio;Galasso, Olimpio
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears, if left untreated, may result in cuff tear arthropathy, which causes shoulder disability and pain. The primary outcome of this systematic review was to evaluate differences in functional outcomes between the arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) and latissimus dorsi tendon transfer (LDTT) for the treatment of massive, irrepa-rable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears without arthritis. The secondary outcome was to compare complication and reoperation rates between the 2 surgical procedures.Methods: The PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Central databases were searched using keywords, and 20 studies were included in this review. Data extracted for quantitative analysis included the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, the Con-stant-Murley score, the subjective shoulder value, the range of motion, the visual analog scale for pain, numbers and types of compli-cations, and reoperation rate. The preoperative fatty degeneration of the muscles and the preoperative and follow-up acromiohumeral distance and glenohumeral osteoarthritis according to the Hamada grading system were also reported.Results: A total of 1112 patients were identified, among whom 407 and 399 underwent SCR and LDTT, respectively. The SCR group showed a higher mean age at the time of operation (64.5 +/- 7.8 vs. 62.1 +/- 8.9 years; P < .001). The SCR group showed a lower rate of previous surgical procedures on the shoulder (35 out of 407 vs. 111 out of 399; P < .001) and a shorter mean follow-up (30.4 +/- 7.5 vs. 36.3 +/- 10.3 months; P < .001). Patients who underwent SCR reported significantly better functionality and residual pain as measured by the Constant-Murley score (75.5 +/- 11.2 vs. 65.6 +/- 22.8, P < .001), the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score (84.3 +/- 13 vs. 67.7 +/- 23, P <.001), the subjective shoulder value (79.4 +/- 13 vs. 64.4 +/- 23, P <.001), and the visual analog scale (1.4 +/- 2 vs. 2.8 +/- 3, P < .001) than patients who underwent LDTT. A greater acromiohumeral distance (5.8 +/- 2.5 vs. 7.6 +/- 2.7, P < .001) was found in the SCR group. The SCR group showed a significantly lower infection rate (0.2% vs. 2.8%., P =.003) and a higher graft failure rate (12.3% vs. 6.8%, P = .012). No differences in terms of reoperation for graft failure (1% vs. 2.3% for SCR and LDTT, respectively; P = .172) or for conversion to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (1.7% vs. 2% for SCR and LDTT, respectively; P = .800) were found.Conclusion: Patients undergoing SCR report better functional outcomes and greater acromiohumeral distance than those undergoing LDTT. The LDTT group shows a significantly higher infection rate, while the SCR group shows a significantly higher graft failure rate, but there are no differences in terms of reoperation between the 2 surgical procedures.Level of evidence: Level IV; Systematic Review (c) 2022 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.
2023
Hamada classification
Latissimus dorsi tendon transfer
acromiohumeral distance
graft failure
infection
reoperation
rotator cuff tear
superior capsular reconstruction
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12317/84982
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact