Nowadays, the investigation of aortic wall biomechanics is a fundamental tool in clinical research and vascular prosthesis design. This study aims at analyzing the biomechanical behavior of aortic tissues using a coupled experimental and computational approach. Considering the typical fiber-reinforced configuration of aortic tissues, uni-axial tensile tests along six different loading directions were performed on specimens from pig aorta. Starting from the obtained experimental data, a suitable constitutive framework was defined and a methodology for the identification of the constitutive parameters was developed using the inverse analysis of mechanical tests. Transversal stretch versus loading stretch and nominal stress versus loading stretch curves were evaluated, showing the anisotropic and nonlinear mechanical behavior determined by tissue conformation with fibers distributed along preferential directions. In detail, experimental data showed different mechanical responses between longitudinal and circumferential directions, with a greater tissue stiffness along the longitudinal one. The reliability of the developed constitutive framework was evaluated by the comparison between experimental data and model results. The mentioned analysis can be considered as a useful tool for the development of reliable computational models, which allow a better understanding of the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases and can be applied for a proper planning of surgical procedures.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.